Back
 FNS  Vol.4 No.10 A , October 2013
Increasing Employees’ Fruit Consumption through Access and Peer Support at Work
Abstract: Objective: To assess the effect of providing free fruit and peer support in the workplace, on employees’ consumption of fruits and high fat snacks at work and home. Methods: Three worksites, including 75 employees, were randomly assigned to a free fruit condition (Group A), a free fruit and peer education and modelling condition (Group B), and a control group (Group C). Groups A and B had free fruit delivered to their workplace each morning for four weeks. Consumption of fruit and high fat snacks was measured pre- and post-intervention, and after a two week maintenance period. Results: Despite a small sample, the intervention increased employees’ fruit intake at work, decreased high fat snacks and was more successful in those who were not currently meeting the recommendations of two pieces of fruit per day. Peer support led to increased fruit consumption at work and sustained decreases in unhealthy snacks post-intervention. Conclusions: The provision of fruit in the workplace with peer support is a simple and effective method for improving fruit consumption at work in the short-term, particularly in those not meeting current recommendations. In addition, those participating in the intervention reduced their consumption of high fat snacks. Further research is necessary to determine whether a longer larger scale intervention can sustain dietary changes and thereby reduce risk for chronic disease in the Australian population.
Cite this paper: A. Hutchinson, G. Howlett and C. Wilson, "Increasing Employees’ Fruit Consumption through Access and Peer Support at Work," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 88-95. doi: 10.4236/fns.2013.410A013.
References

[1]   S. Alinia, O. Hels and I. Tetens, “The Potential Association between Fruit Intake and Body Weight—A Review,” Obesity Reviews, Vol. 10, No. 6, 2009, pp. 639-647.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2009.00582.x

[2]   D. P. Guh, W. Zhang, N. Bansback, Z. Amarsi, C. L. Birmingham and A. H. Anis, “The Incidence of Co-Morbidities Related to Obesity and Overweight: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” BMC Public Health, Vol. 9, 2009, p. 88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-88

[3]   World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research, “Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective,” 2007.

[4]   National Health and Medical Research Council, “Food for Health: Dietary Guidelines for Australians,” 2005.

[5]   A. Magarey, S. McKean and L. Daniels, “Evaluation of Fruit and Vegetable Intakes of Australian Adults: The National Nutrition Survey 1995,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2006, pp. 32-37.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-842X.2006.tb00083.x

[6]   C. Knai, J. Pomerleau, K. Lock and M. McKee, “Getting Children to Eat More Fruit and Vegetables: A Systematic Review,” Preventive Medicine, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2006, pp. 85-95.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2005.11.012

[7]   S. A. French and H. Wechsler, “School-Based Research and Initiatives: Fruit and Vegetable Environment, Policy, and Pricing Workshop,” Preventive Medicine, Vol. 39, No. S2, 2004, pp. S101-S107.

[8]   J. D. Seymour, A. L. Yaroch, M. Serdula, H. M. Blanck and L. K. Khan, “Impact of Nutrition Environmental Interventions on Point-of-Purchase Behavior in Adults: A Review,” Preventive Medicine, Vol. 39, No. S2, 2004, pp. S108-S136.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.04.002

[9]   K. Glanz and A. L. Yaroch, “Strategies for Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Grocery Stores and Communities: Policy, Pricing, and Environmental Change,” Preventive Medicine, Vol. 39, No. S2, 2004, pp. S75-S80.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.004

[10]   G. Sorensen, L. Linnan and M. K. Hunt, “Worksite-Based Research and Initiatives to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumption,” Preventive Medicine, Vol. 39, No. S2, 2004, pp. S94-S100.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.12.020

[11]   K. Dalziel and L. Segal, “Time to Give Nutrition Interventions a Higher Profile: Cost-Effectiveness of 10 Nutrition Interventions,” Health Promotion International, Vol. 22, No. 4, 2007, pp. 271-283.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dam027

[12]   C. Wanjek, “Food at Work: Workplace Solutions for Malnutrition, Obesity and Chronic Diseases,” International Labour Office, 2005, 466 p.

[13]   S. Alinia, A. D. Lassen, K. S. Krogholm, T. Christensen, O. H. Hels and I. Tetens, “A Workplace Feasibility Study of the Effect of a Minimal Fruit Intervention on Fruit Intake,” Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 14, No. 8, 2010, pp. 1382-1387.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010002569

[14]   G. Sorensen, A. M. Stoddard, T. Dubowitz, E. M. Barbeau, J. Bigby, K. M. Emmons, et al., “The Influence of Social Context on Changes in Fruit and Vegetable Consumption: Results of the Healthy Directions Studies,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 97, No. 7, 2007, pp. 1216-1227.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2006.088120

[15]   D. B. Buller, C. Morrill, D. Taren, M. Aickin, L. Sennott-Miller, M. K. Buller, et al., “Randomized Trial Testing the Effect of Peer Education at Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Intake,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Vol. 91, No. 17, 1999, pp. 1491-1500.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnci/91.17.1491

[16]   R. Campbell, F. Starkey, J. Holliday, S. Audrey, M. Bloor, N. Parry-Langdon, et al., “An Informal School-Based PeerLed Intervention for Smoking Prevention in Adolescence (ASSIST): A Cluster Randomised Trial,” Lancet, Vol. 371, No. 9624, 2008, pp. 1595-1602.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60692-3

[17]   CONSORT, “CONSORT Transparent Reporting of Trials,” 2010.
http://www.consort-statement.org/consort-statement/further-explanations/box6_intention-to-treat-analysis/

 
 
Top