SNL  Vol.3 No.4 , October 2013
A Crystalline Material Made from Oxidation of Vanadium Nitride via Foam Route
ABSTRACT
Facile method of synthesizing organic-inorganic solid foam in complex structure is presented. The synthesis method is based on the use of neutral surfactant (1-hexadecylamine, C16H33NH2) as structure directing agent and inorganic salt (vanadium nitride, VN) as precursor. The foam containing C16H33NH2 has been synthesized by evolution of oxygen gas produced spontaneously from hydrogen peroxide through a viscous VN gel. The foam from the precursor of 0.5 gVN nanopowder grows gradually, reaching about 0.3 liters 10 minutes after excess addition of H2O2 and stirring. The ultralight, crystalline material made via foam processing was observed by XRD, SEM, TEM, and FTIR.

Cite this paper
Y. Hong and H. Uhm, "A Crystalline Material Made from Oxidation of Vanadium Nitride via Foam Route," Soft Nanoscience Letters, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 83-86. doi: 10.4236/snl.2013.34015.
References
[1]   Y. Y. Lyu, S. H. Yi, J. K. Shon, S. Chang, L. S. Pu, S. Y. Lee, K. Char, G. D. Stucky and J. M. Kim, “Highly Stable Mesoporous Metal Oxides Using Nano-Propping Hybrid Gemini Surfactants,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 126, No. 8, 2004, pp. 2310-2311. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja0390348

[2]   C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowiez, W. J. Roth, J. C. Vartuli and J. S. Bexk, “Ordered Mesoporous Molecular Sieves Synthesized by a Liquid-Crystal Template Mechanism,” Nature, Vol. 359, 1992, pp. 710-712. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/359710a0

[3]   J. D. Wang, D. Li, J. K. Liu, X. H. Yang, J. L. He and Y. Lu, “One-Step Preparation and Characterization of Zinc Phosphate Nanocrystals with Modified Surface,” Soft Nanoscience Letters, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2011, pp. 81-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/snl.2011.13015

[4]   A. Corma, “From Microporous to Mesoporous Molecular Sieve Materials and Their Use in Catalysis,” Chemical Reviews, Vol. 97, No. 6, 1997, pp. 2373-2419. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cr960406n

[5]   P. Yang, D. Zhao, D. I. Margolese, B. F. Chmelka and G. D. Stucky, “Generalized Syntheses of Large-Pore Mesoporous Metal Oxides with Semicrystalline Frameworks,” Nature, Vol. 396, No. 6707, 1998, pp. 152-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/24132

[6]   D. Antonelli and J. Y. Ying, “Synthesis of Hexagonally-Packed Mesoporous TiO2 by a Modified Sol-Gel Method,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 35, No. 4, 1996, pp. 426-430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.199604261

[7]   G. G. Janauer, A. Dobley, J. Guo, P. Zavalij and M. S. Whittingham, “Low Temperature Synthesis of Lamellar Transition Metal Oxides Containing Surfactant Ions,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 8, No. 8, 1996, pp. 2096-2101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm960111q

[8]   J. S. Reddy, P. Liu and A. Sayari, “Vanadium Containing Crystalline Mesoporous Molecular Sieves Leaching of Vanadium in Liquid Phase Reactions,” Applied Catalysis, Vol. 148, No. 1, 1996, pp. 7-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0926-860X(96)00222-0

[9]   G. T. Chandrappa, N. Steunou and J. Livage, “Materials Chemistry: Macroporous Crystalline Vanadium Oxide Foam,” Nature, Vol. 416, No. 6882, 2002, pp. 702-703. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/416702a

[10]   P. Liu, I. L. Moufrakovski, J. Liu and A. Sayari, “Meso-structured Vanadium Oxide Containing Dodecylamine,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 9, No. 11, 1997, pp. 2513-2520. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm970067u

[11]   V. Luca, D. J. MacLachlan, J. M. Hook and R. Withers, “Synthesis and Characterization of Mesostructured Vanadium Oxide,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 7, No. 12, 1995, pp. 2220-2223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm00060a002

[12]   Y. Zhang, C. J. O’Connor, A. Clearfield and R. C. Haushalyer, “An Organically Templated Layered Vanadium Oxide:Hydrothermal Synthesis, Single-Crystal Structure, and Magnetic Properties of (H3N(CH2)3NH3)[V4O10],” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1996, pp. 595-597. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm9503846

[13]   D. H. Shin, C. U. Bang, Y. C. Hong and H. S. Uhm, “Preparation of Vanadium Pentoxide Powders by Microwave Plasma-Torch at Atmospheric Pressure,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 99, No. 2-3, 2006, pp. 269-275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2005.10.026

[14]   Y. C. Hong, D. H. Shin and H. S. Uhm, “Production of Vanadium Nitride Nanopowders from Gas-Phase VOCl3 by making use of microwave plasma torch,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 101, No. 1, 2007, pp. 35-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2006.02.009

[15]   A. Bouhaouss and P. Aldebert, “Intercalation d'ions Alkylammonium et d’alkylamines a Longues Chaines dans les Gels de V2O5,” Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 18, No. 10, 1983, pp. 1247-1256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0025-5408(83)90028-4

[16]   Q. Guo, Q. Yang, C. Yi, L. Zhu and Y. Xie, “Synthesis of Carbon Nitrides with Graphite-Like or Onion-Like Lamellar Structures via a Solvent-Free Route at Low Temperatures,” Carbon, Vol. 43, No. 7, 2005, pp. 1386-1391. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2005.01.005

 
 
Top