Genetically Modified Crops (GMCs) and Climate Change (CC) are the two most contentious ecological issues the world faces today. Application of transgenics in agriculture is most debated because of its direct and indirect implications. The advertized benefits in the backdrop of the potentially harmful effects on health and environment make this an issue of greater concern. On the other hand, Climate Change is a problem of enormous scale and its after-effects even more grave. The impact of climate change on agriculture, though well researched, is still very uncertain. Further, the introduction and global embrace of a technology with unverified credentials may prove to be an ill-conceived and ill-timed act. The future of GMC technology in India will be both challenging as well as exciting. Therefore any decision on this front should be taken with scientific rigor and logic. Our aim is to explore this complex inter-relationship and provide impetus for further research.
 Nisbet, M.C., Hixon, M.A., Moore, K.D. and Nelson, M. (2010) Four cultures: New synergies for engaging society on climate change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8, 329-331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295-8.6.329
 Parry, M.L., Rosenzweig, C., Iglesias, A., Livermore, M. and Fischer, G. (2004) Effects of climate change on global food production under SRES emissions and socio economic scenarios. Global Environmental Change, 14, 53-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2003.10.008
 Clive, J. (2012) Global status of commercialized biotech/ GM crops: 2012 [Internet]. ISAAA, Ithaca. http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/44
 Choudhary, B. and Gaur, K. (2010) Bt cotton in India: A country profile [Internet]. ISAAA, Ithaca. http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/biotech_crop_profiles/bt_cotton_in_india-a_country_profile/download/Bt_Cotton_in_India-A_Country_Profile.pdf
 Heinemann, J.A. (2009) Hope not hype: The future of agriculture guided by the international assessment of agricultural knowledge, science and technology for development [Internet]. Third World Network, Penang. http://www.twnside.org.sg/title2/books/Hope.not.Hype.htm
 Phipps, R.H. and Park, J.R. (2002) Environmental benefits of genetically modified crops: Global and European perspectives on their ability to reduce pesticide use. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, 11, 1-18.
 Qaim, M. and Zilberman, D. (2003) Yield effects of genetically modified crops in developing countries. Science, 299, 900-902. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1080609
 Wang, S., Just, D.R. and Anderson, P.P. (2008) Bt-cotton and secondary pests. International Journal of Biotechnology, 10, 113-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJBT.2008.018348
 Nagrare, V.S., Kranthi, S., Biradar, V.K., Zade, N.N., Sangode, V., Kakde, G., Shukla, R.M., Shivare, D., Khadi, B.M. and Kranthi, K.R. (2009) Widespread infestation of the exotic mealybug species, Phenacoccus solenopsis (Tinsley) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), on cotton in India. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 99, 537-541. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007485308006573
 Tabashnik, B.E. and Carrière, Y. (2010) Field-evolved resistance to bt cotton: Bollworm in the US and pink bollworm in India. Southwestern Entomologist, 35, 417-424. http://dx.doi.org/10.3958/059.035.0326
 Sanvido, O., Stark, M., Romeis, J. and Bigler, F. (2006) Ecological impacts of genetically modified crops [Internet]. Agroscope Reckenholz-Tanikon Research Station ART, Zurich. http://www.agroscope.admin.ch/data/publikationen/ART_SR_01_E.pdf
 FOE (2010) Who benefits from gm crops? The great climate change swindle [Internet]. Sept 2010. Friends of the Earth International, Amsterdam.
 Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (2010) Gene giants stockpile patents on climate ready crops in bid to become “Biomassters”. Paper Presented at UN’s Convention on Biodiversity, Nagoya.
 Godfrey, J. (2000) Do genetically modified goods affect human health? Lancet, 355, 414. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)74043-5
 Bakshi, A. (2003) Potential adverse health effects of genetically modified crops. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, 6, 211-225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10937400306469
 Pusztai, A. and Ewen, S.W. (1999) Effect of diets containing genetically modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalislectin on rat small intestine. Lancet, 354, 1353-1354. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(98)05860-7
 Ramdas, S.R. (2010) Bt cotton and livestock: Health impacts, bio-safety concerns and the legitimacy of public scientific research institutions. Paper Presented at National workshop on Genetically modified crops/foods & Health Impacts. Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, Doctors for Food & Bio-Safety, Greenpeace India and Sustainet. India International Centre, New Delhi.
 Jayaraman, K. (2010) Bt brinjal splits Indian cabinet. Nature Biotechnology, 28, 296. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nbt0410-296
 Raney, T. (2006) Economic impact of transgenic crops in developing countries. Current Opinions on Biotechnology, 17, 174-178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2006.02.009
 Gruere, G.P., Mehta-Bhatt, P. and Sengupta, D. (2008) Bt cotton and farmer suicides in India: Reviewing the evidence [Internet]. International Food Policy Research Instatute, Washington DC. http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/pubs/pubs/dp/ifpridp00808.pdf
 Convention on Biological Diversity (2000) List of parties [Internet]. 2011. Convention on Biological Diversity, Quebec. http://www.cbd.int/convention/parties/list/
 Boxall, R.A. (2001) Post-harvest losses to insects: A world overview. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 48, 137-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0964-8305(01)00076-2