JEP  Vol.4 No.10 , October 2013
Determination and Quantification of Trace Elements, by ICP_MS, in the River Water of Sarzhal and Akzhar Villages
Abstract: In the present study, trace elements present in the river waters of Sarzhal and Akzhar region were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The reason for monitoring trace elements at those two locations is to verify water quality. The village of Sarzhal is situated in an area that has been affected by weapon testing and continues to receive inputs of contaminants (including radionuclides). The concentrations of trace elements in the river water of Sarzhal and Akzhar villages were generally found to be within allowable levels. However, the concentrations of Na 251.56 mg/l, Cr 3.26 μg/l, P 64.56 μg/l and Se 18.162 μg/l in the river of Akzhar were found to be higher than the maximum allowable concentrations (MAC). In Sarzhal, the level of Al 6.66 mg/l, Cr 5.04 μg/l and P 13.44 μg/l exceeded the MAC values.
Cite this paper: Z. Yessimbekov, D. Sergazy, D. Iminova, E. Okushanova and M. Stuart, "Determination and Quantification of Trace Elements, by ICP_MS, in the River Water of Sarzhal and Akzhar Villages," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 1067-1070. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.410122.

[1]   Sin Yee Ng, Aimei Zou, Lay Peng Sim, Yi Ding, Kim Loong Yuen, Richard Y.C. Shin, Tong Kooi Lee, “High accuracy measurements of trace elements in drinking water by exact matching isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS),” International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, Vol. 321-322, 2012, pp. 19-24.

[2]   E. Zubcov, N. Zubcov, A. Ene, N. Bagrin, L. Biletchi, “The dynamics of trace elements in Dniester river,” Journal of Science and Arts, Vol. 2(13), 2010, pp. 281-286.

[3]   A. Jinwal, S. Dixit, S. Malik, “Some trace elements investigation in ground water of Bhopal and Sehore district in Madhya Pradesh: India,” J. Appl. Sci. Envir. Manag., Vol. 13 (4), 2009, pp. 47-50.

[4]   E. Merian (ed.) “Metals and their compounds in the environment. Occurrence, analysis and biological relevance.” UCH, Weinheim-New York-Basel-Cambridge, 1991.

[5]   O’Neil P. “Environmental chemistry.” Chapman and Hall, London, 1993.

[6]   T.M. Carlsen, L.E. Peterson, B.A. Ulsh, C.A. Werner, K.L. Purvis and A.C. Sharber, “Radionuclide contamination at Kazakhstan Semipalatinsk Test site: Implications on human and ecological health”. U.S. Department of Energy, UCRL-JC-143920, 2001.

[7]   T. Evseeva, E. Belykh, S. Geras’kin, T. Majstrenko, “Estimation of radioactive contamination of soils from the “Balapan” and the “Experimental field” technical areas of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site,” Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 109, 2012, pp. 52-59.

[8]   O.N. Lyakhova, S.N. Lukashenko, N.V. Larionova, Y.S. Tur, “Contamination mechanisms of air basin with tritium in venues of underground nuclear explosions at the former Semipalatinsk test site,” Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 113, 2012, pp. 98–107.

[9]   A.M. Matushchenko, G.A. Tsyrkov, A.K. Chernyshov, Y.V. Dubashov, G.A. Krasilov, V.A. Logachev, S.G. Smagulov, Y.S. Tsaturov, S.A. Zelentsov, “Chronological list of nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk Test Site and their radiation effects.” In: Shapiro, C.S., Kiselev, V.I., Zaitsev, E.V. (Eds.), Nuclear Test: Long-Term Consequences in the Semipalatinsk/Altai Region. NATO ASI Series, Environment, Vol.36. 1998, Springer Publishers, pp. 89-97.

[10]   N.D. Priest, O. Artemyev, M. Burkitbayev, S.N. Lukashenko, P.I. Mitchell, L. Leon Vintro, “The radiological situation in the Sarzhal region of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site – the NATO SEMIRAD Project.” Proceeding of international conference on radioactivity in the environment, Monaco, September, 2002.