U. John, S. E. Baumeister, C. Kessler and H. Volzke, “Associations of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness, Tobacco Smoking and Overweight with Hearing Disorder in a General Population Sample,” Atherosclerosis, Vol. 195, No. 1, 2007, pp. e144-e149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis. 2007.04.007
 N. Lindenblatt, U. Platz, J. Hameister, E. Klar, M.D. Menger and B. Vollmar, “Distinct Effects of Acute and Chronic Nicotine Application on Microvascular Thrombus Formation and Endothelial Function in Male and Female Mice,” Langenbeck’s Archives of Surgery, Vol. 392, No. 3, 2007, pp. 285-295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-007-0173-6
 W. J. Mack, T. Islam, Z. R. H. Lee, Selzer, et al., “Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Carotid Arterial Stiffness,” Preventive Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 2, 2003, pp. 148-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0091-7435(03)00097-5
 M. Just, Ribera, M. Monso, E. Lorenzo, J. C. Lorenzo and C. Ferrándiz, “Effect of Smoking on Skin Elastic Fibres: Morphometric and Immunohistochemical Analysis,” British Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 156, No. 1, 2007, pp. 85-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2006.07575.x
 A. Morita, “Tobacco Smoke Causes Premature Skin Aging,” Journal of Dermatological Science, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2007, pp. 169-175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdermsci.2007.06.015
 H. Tanaka, Y. Ono, Y. Nakata, N. Shintani, et al., “Tobacco Smoke Extract Induces Premature Skin Aging in Mouse,” Journal of Dermatological Science, Vol. 46, No. 1, 2007, pp. 69-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdermsci. 2006.11.009
 G. D. Batty, M. Kivimaki, G. D. Gray, M. G. Smith, et al., “Cigarette Smoking and Site-Specific Cancer Mortality: Testing Uncertain Associations Using Extended Follow-up of the Original Whitehall Study,” Annals of Oncology, Vol. 191, No. 5, 2008, pp. 996-1002.
 S. Boorjian, J. E. Cowan, B. R. Konety, J. DuChane, et al., “Bladder Cancer Incidence and Risk Factors in Men with Prostate Cancer: Results from Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor,” Journal of Urology, Vol. 177, No. 3, 2007, pp. 883-887.
 P. G. Borboroglu, J. P. Sands, J. L. Roberts and C. L. Amling, “Risk Factors for Vesicourethral Anastomotic Stricture after Radical Prostatectomy,” Urology, Vol. 56, No. 1, 2000, pp. 96-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0090-4295(00)00556-2
 K. Hickey, K.-A. Do and A. Green, “Smoking and Prostate Cancer,” Epidemiologic Reviews, Vol. 23, No. 1, 2001, pp. 115-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.epirev.a000776
 J. K. Parsons, “Modifiable Risk Factors for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: New Approaches to Old Problems,” Journal of Urology, Vol. 178, No. 2, 2007, pp. 395-401. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2007.03.103
 J. Y. Polsky, K. J. Aronson, J. P. W. Heaton and M. A. Adams, “Smoking and Other Lifestyle Factors in Relation to Erectile Dysfunction,” BJU International, Vol. 96, No. 9, 2005, pp. 1355-1359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410X.2005.05820.x
 F. Sommer and M. J. Mathers, “Lifestyle, Erectile Dysfunction, Hormones and Metabolic Syndrome. Opportunities for Gender-Specific Prevention for Men,” Urologe A, Vol. 46, No. 6, 2007, pp. 628-635.
 N. Rodrigues Netto, M. L. de Lima, E. F. M. de Andrade, F. Apuzzo, et al., “Latin American Study on Patient Acceptance of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) in the Evaluation of Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia,” Urology, Vol. 49, No. 1, 1997, pp. 46-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0090-4295(96)00372-X
 J. Laitakari and F. Stenback, “Collagen Matrix in Development and Progression of Experimentally Induced Respiratory Neoplasms in the Hamster,” Journal of Toxicologic Pathology, Vol. 29, No. 5, 2001, pp. 514-527. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/019262301317226311
 M. M. Rahman and I. Laher, “Structural and Functional Alteration of Blood Vessels Caused by Cigarette Smoking: An Overview of Molecular Mechanisms,” Current Vascular Pharmacology, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2007, pp. 276-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157016107782023406
 C.-W. Shen, Y.-H. Wang, Y.-C. Jou, et al., “Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Promoter Polymorphism, Cigarette Smoking, and Urothelial Carcinoma Risk,” Urology, Vol. 69, No. 5, 2007, pp. 1001-1006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2007.02.028
 H. Yin, L. Chao and J. Chao, “Nitric Oxide Mediates Cardiac Protection of Tissue Kallikrein by Reducing Inflammation and Ventricular Remodeling after Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion,” Life Sciences, Vol. 82, No. 3-4, 2008, pp. 156-165. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2007.10.021
 A. W. Y. Chung, H. H. C. Yang, J. M. Kim, M. K. Sigrist, et al., “Upregulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 in the Arterial Vasculature Contributes to Stiffening and Vasomotor Dysfunction in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease,” Circulation, Vol. 120, No. 9, 2009, pp. 792-801. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/ CIRCULATIONAHA.109.862565
 H. Gullu, M. Caliskan, O. Ciftci, D. Erdogan, et al., “Light Cigarette Smoking Impairs Coronary Microvascular Functions as Severely as Smoking Regular Cigarettes,” Heart, Vol. 93, No. 10, 2007, pp. 1274-1277. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/hrt.2006.100255
 M. Raveendran, D. Senthil, B. Utama, Y. Shen, et al., “Cigarette Suppresses the Expression of P4Halpha and Vascular Collagen Production,” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 323, No. 2, 2004, pp. 592-598. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.08.129