The focus of this study was to investigate
whether there were differences between the way in-field and out-of-field
teachers in Malaysian secondary schools perceived and practiced History
education, and the way their students perceived the teaching and learning of
History.Both, teacher and student
data were examined. A statistical analysis was conducted to validate the survey
and test the relationships between variables. The results showed that there
were significant differences between in-field and out-of-field teachers in the
teacher characteristics of experience and student variables of classroom
climate and History learning outcomes, but not on teaching approaches and
Cite this paper
Mohd. Salleh, U. & Darmawan, I. (2013). Differences between In-Field and Out-of-Field History Teachers Influence on Students Learning Experience in Malaysian Secondary Schools. Creative Education, 4,
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