The role of the World Ocean in Global Climate Change is considered
from two points of view: 1) heat energy accumulation and
distribution in the ocean and its discharge into the atmosphere as purely
physical processes; 2) participation of living matter in the ocean in these processes.
The oceanic organic matter, especially plankton and different organic compounds,
absorbs solar energy and changes water transparency, controlling thickness of layers and amount of the energy accumulated. Having ability to
react not only to fluctuations of solar heat energy supply, but also to extra
weak fluctuations of electromagnetic and magnetic fields of terrestrial and
extraterrestrial origin, phytoplankton and other organic matter should be
considered as active forcing of global climate and ocean ecosystem fluctuations
observed on different scales. Several mechanisms of solar activity effects on
global climate-ocean ecosystem interactions are discussed.
Cite this paper
V. Navrotsky, "Effects of the World’s Oceans on Global Climate Change," American Journal of Climate Change
, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2013, pp. 183-190. doi: 10.4236/ajcc.2013.23018
 S. S. Lappo, S. K. Gulev and A. E. Rozdestvensky, “Large-Scale Heat Interaction in the Ocean-Atmosphere System and Energetically Active Zones of the World Ocean (Krupnomasshtabnoye Teplovoye Vzaimodeystvie v Systeme Okean-Atmosphera i Energoaktivniye Oblasti Mirovogo Okeana),” Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1990, 336 p.
 “Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report,” AR4 SYR.
 SIDC-Team, World Data Center for the Sunspot Index, Royal Observatory of Belgium, “Monthly Report on the International Sunspot Number,” Online Catalogue of the Sunspot Index. http://www.sidc.be/sunspot-data/
 N. E. Huang, Z. Shen, S. R. Long, M. C. Wu, E. H. Shih, Q. Zheng, C. C. Tung and H. H. Liu, “The Empirical Mode Decomposition Method and the Hilbert Spectrum for Non-stationary Time Series Analysis,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 454, No. 1971, 1998, pp. 903-995. doi:10.1098/rspa.1998.0193
 J. Lean and D. Rind, “Climate Forcing by Changing Solar Radiation,” Journal of Climate, Vol. 11, No. 12, 1998, pp. 3069-3094. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<3069:CFBCSR>2.0.CO;2
 B. L. Diffey, “Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Effects on Biological Systems,” Physics in Medicine & Biology, Vol. 36, No. 3, 1991, pp. 299-328.
 M. Vernet, “Symposium-in-Print: UV Effects on Aquatic and Coastal Ecosystems Introduction: Enhanced UV-B Radiation in Natural Ecosystems as an Added Perturbation Due to Ozone Depletion,” Photochemistry and Photobiology, Vol. 82, No. 4, 2006, pp. 831-833.
 D.-P. Hader, “Does Enhanced Solar UV-B Radiation Affect Marine Primary Producers in Their Natural Habitats?” Photochemistry and Photobiology, Vol. 87, No. 2, 2011, pp. 263-266.
 O. A. Troshichev and I. P. Gabis, “Variations of Solar UV Irradiance Related to Short-Term and Medium-Term Changes in Solar Activity,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 103, No. A9, 1998, pp. 2659-2667.
 A. Gnanadesikan and W. G. Anderson. “Ocean Water Clarity and the Ocean General Circulation in a Coupled Climate Model,” Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2009, pp. 314-332.
 G. Li, K. Gao and G. Gao, “Differential Impacts of Solar UV Radiation on Photosynthetic Carbon Fixation from the Coastal to Offshore Surface Waters in the South China Sea,” Photochemistry and Photobiology, Vol. 87, No. 2, 2011, pp. 329-334.
 F. Kaiser, “Coherent Oscillations in Biological Systems: Interaction with Extremely Low Frequency Fields,” Radio Science, Vol. 17, No. 5S, 1982, pp. 17S-22S.
 X. F. Pang and B. Deng, “Investigation of Changes in Properties of Water under the Action of a Magnetic Field”, Science in China Series G: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy, Vol. 51, No. 11, 2008, pp. 1621-1632.
 R. Cai, H. Yang, J. He and W. Zhu, “The Effects of Magnetic Fields on Water Molecular Hydrogen Bonds,” Journal of Molecular Structure, Vol. 938, No. 1-3, 2009, pp. 15-19.
 Y. M. Tourre and W. B. White, “ENSO Signals in Global Upper-Ocean Temperature,” Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 25, No. 6, 1995, pp. 1317-1332.
 W. B. White, D. J. Cayan and J. Lean, “Global Upper Ocean Heat Storage Response to Radiative Forcing from Changing Solar Irradiance and Increasing Greenhouse Gas/Aerosol Concentration,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 103, No. C10, 1998, pp. 21355-21366.
 W. B. White and Y. M. Tourre, “A Delayed Action Oscillator Shared by the ENSO and QDO in the Indian Ocean,” Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 63, No. 2, 2007, pp. 223-241.
 W. B. White and Z. Liu, “Resonant Excitation of the Quasi-Decadal Oscillation by the 11-Year Signal in the Sun’s Irradiance,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 113, No. C1, 2008, Article ID: C01002.
 L. Klyashtorin, “Pacific Salmon: Climate-Linked Long-Term Stock Fluctuations,” PICES Press, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1997, pp. 30-34.
 J. J. Polovina, E. A. Howell and M. Abecassis, “Ocean’s Least Productive Waters Are Expanding,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 35, No. 3, 2008, pp. 1-5.