Background and Objective: There is a rising concern about Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) related
knowledge in rural communities of Sudan. This study focuses on determining the
extend of knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes about HIV/ AIDS among rural
communities difficult to access in the six States of Sudan. Subjects and Methods: Six thousand and
one hundred twenty five respondents were interviewed through the method of
house-to-house visits. A structured questionnaire was administered by research
assistants recruited from the Faculty of Medicine, Khartoum University during
a rural residency campaign in six states of Central, Eastern and Northern
Sudan during 2008/2009. Results:
Of the total interviewees, 48% were aware of the HIV/AIDS risk; 46% reported to
have good health seeking behaviors for HIV/AIDS. 54.4% of women reported to
have better knowledge about the disease than men (45.6%). 38% (2005) had not
heard of safety use of condom whereas 16% (320) had used it. Logistic
regression revealed that 5.3% of knowledge about the disease was explained by
gender, education and religion adjusted over age of the respondents. Conclusions: Mass media were the most common source of information
about the existent risk of HIV/AIDS in rural communities. These findings could
assist Sudanese National Aids Programme (SNAP), healthcare providers and
policymakers to develop informative materials and health education programs
to educate rural community is about the risk of HIV/AIDS.
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