OJFD  Vol.3 No.3 , September 2013
A Study of the Factors Affecting Transporting Solid— Liquid Suspension through Pipelines
ABSTRACT

An experimental investigation was carried out on the transport of solid liquid mixture through pipelines. The principal aim of this was to study how to transport slurries through pipeline systems. The experimental tests include measurements of main parameters affecting transport of solid liquid mixture, like sand slurry and mud slurry. These parameters are deduced by applying non-dimensional approach, which includes Reynolds number, Froude number, concentration, specific gravity, and ratio of particle to pipe diameter. Preliminary results include the following general trends: 1) Increasing input concentration increases the pressure gradient, whereas decreases the efficiency of solid transport; 2) As specific gravity of solid material increases, the pressure gradient increases and the efficiency of transport decreases; 3) As mixture velocity increases, the efficiency of transport increases; 4) Solids with fine grain size are preferred than with coarse grain size from the view points of pressure gradient and efficiency of transport. Also, the present experimental data has been compared with the correlations developed before by different authors. Such correlations relate the pressure gradient to flow velocity, specific gravity, and efficiency of transport to grain size of solid material, and input solid concentration.


Cite this paper
A. I. Abd Al Aziz and H. I. Mohamed, "A Study of the Factors Affecting Transporting Solid— Liquid Suspension through Pipelines," Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 152-162. doi: 10.4236/ojfd.2013.33020.
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