The Consequence of Particle Crushing in Engineering Properties of Granular Materials

Affiliation(s)

Associate Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Fahad Bin Sultan University, Tabuk, KSA.

Assistant Lecturer, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.

Lecturer, Fahad Bin Sultan University, Tabuk, KSA.

Associate Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Fahad Bin Sultan University, Tabuk, KSA.

Assistant Lecturer, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.

Lecturer, Fahad Bin Sultan University, Tabuk, KSA.

ABSTRACT

This paper presents experimental investigation for particles breakage for natural sand. The particle breakage was induced by subjecting the sample to one dimensional compression. Grain size analyses were performed before and after induced breakage. Thereafter, the sand shear strength parameters were assessed using direct shear box tests and the coefficient of permeability was assessed using constant head permeameter. Examining the obtained results revealed that the amount of breakage due to one dimensional compression was of order higher than the amount occurring during direct shear test. Peak shear strength parameters decreased with the particles breakage increasing. Moreover, dilation angle of shear strength pronouncedly decreases with the amount of particles breakage increasing. Crushing has obvious effect on the evaluated coefficient of permeability.

Cite this paper

O. Hattamleh, H. Al-Deeky and M. Akhtar, "The Consequence of Particle Crushing in Engineering Properties of Granular Materials,"*International Journal of Geosciences*, Vol. 4 No. 7, 2013, pp. 1055-1060. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2013.47099.

O. Hattamleh, H. Al-Deeky and M. Akhtar, "The Consequence of Particle Crushing in Engineering Properties of Granular Materials,"

References

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[3] H. Shahnazari and R. Rezvani, “Effective Parameters for the Particle Breakage of Calcareous Sands: An Experimental Study,” Engineering Geology, Vol. 159, 2013, pp. 98-105. doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2013.03.005

[4] A. R. Russell and I. Einav, “Energy Dissipation from Particulate Systems Undergoing a Single Particle Crushing Event,” Granular Matter, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2013, pp 299-314. doi:10.1007/s10035-013-0408-x

[5] G. Marketos and M. D. Bolton, “Quantifying the Extent of Crushing in Granular Materials: A Probability-Based Predictive Method,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 55, No. 10, 2007, pp. 2142-2156. doi:10.1016/j.jmps.2007.03.003

[6] K. L. Lee and I. Farhoomand, “Compressibility and Crushing of Granular Soil in Anisotropic Triaxial Compression,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1967, pp. 68-86. doi:10.1139/t67-012

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[8] M. M. Hagerty, D. R. Hite, C. R. Ulrich and D. J. Hagerty, “One-Dimensional-High Pressure Compression of Granular Media,” ASCE Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 119, No. 1, 1993, pp. 1-18. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1993)119:1(1)

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[10] G. R. McDowell and M. D. Bolton, “On the Micromechanics of Crushable Aggregates,” Géotechnique, Vol. 48, No. 5, 1998, pp. 667-679. doi:10.1680/geot.1998.48.5.667

[11] M. Takei, O. Kusakabe and T. Hayashi, “Time Dependent Behavior of Crushable Materials in One-Dimensional Compression Tests,” Soils and Foundations, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2001, pp. 97-121. doi:10.3208/sandf.41.97

[12] M. R. Coop, K. K. Sorensen, T. Bodas-Freitas and G. Georgoutos, “Particle Breakage during Shearing of a Carbonate Sand,” Géotechnique, Vol. 54, No. 3, 2004, pp. 157-163. doi:10.1680/geot.2004.54.3.157

[13] A. Tarantino and A. F. L. Hyde, “An Experimental Investigation of Work Dissipation in Crushable Materials,” Géotechnique, Vol. 55, No. 8, 2005, pp. 575-584. doi:10.1680/geot.2005.55.8.575

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[15] D. M. Wood and K. Maeda, “Changing Grading of Soil: Effect on Critical States,” Acta Geotechnica, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2008, pp. 3-14. doi:10.1007/s11440-007-0041-0

[16] Y. Erzin and I. Yilmaz, “Case Study of Crushing Resistance of Anatolian Sands at Lower and Higher Density,” Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Vol. 67, No. 1, 2008, pp. 71-77. doi:10.1007/s10064-007-0111-4

[17] B. Melbouci, R. Bahar and B. Cambou, “Study of the Behaviour of Schist Grains under Crushing,” Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Vol. 67, No. 2, 2008, pp. 209-218. doi:10.1007/s10064-008-0125-6

[18] M. D. Bolton, “The Strength and Dilatancy of Sands,” Géotechnique, Vol. 36, No. 1, 1986, pp. 65-78. doi:10.1680/geot.1986.36.1.65

[19] J. Feda, “Notes on the Effect of Grain Crushing on the Granular Soil Behavior,” Engineering Geology, Vol. 63, No. 1-2, 2002, pp. 93-98. doi:10.1016/S0013-7952(01)00072-2

[20] F. A. Shergold, “A Study of the Crushing and Wear of Surface-Dressing Chippings under Rolling and Light Traffic,” Research Note No. RN/2298/FAS.B.P, 1954, p. 397. http://www16.us.archive.org/stream/aggregatedegrada00moav/aggregatedegrada00moav_djvu.txt

[21] I. Einav, “Breakage Mechanics—Part I: Theory,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 55, No. 6, 2007, pp. 1274-1297. doi:10.1016/j.jmps.2006.11.003

[1] W. Choi, Y. Son, J. Park, S. Noh and T. Bong, “An Investigation on Crushing and Particle Size Distribution Characterizes of Bottom Ash as Compaction Energy,” 2013 World of Coal Ash (WOCA) Conference, Lexington, 22-25 April 2013. http://energy.caer.uky.edu/AshSymposium/AshLibraryAgenda.asp#2013

[2] M. S. Lim, D. C. Wijeyesekera, A. Zainorabidin and I. Bakar, “The Effects of Particle Morphology (Shape and Sizes) Characteristics on its Engineering Behaviour and Sustainable Engineering Performance of Sand,” International Journal of Integrated Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 4 2012, pp. 27-37.

[3] H. Shahnazari and R. Rezvani, “Effective Parameters for the Particle Breakage of Calcareous Sands: An Experimental Study,” Engineering Geology, Vol. 159, 2013, pp. 98-105. doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2013.03.005

[4] A. R. Russell and I. Einav, “Energy Dissipation from Particulate Systems Undergoing a Single Particle Crushing Event,” Granular Matter, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2013, pp 299-314. doi:10.1007/s10035-013-0408-x

[5] G. Marketos and M. D. Bolton, “Quantifying the Extent of Crushing in Granular Materials: A Probability-Based Predictive Method,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 55, No. 10, 2007, pp. 2142-2156. doi:10.1016/j.jmps.2007.03.003

[6] K. L. Lee and I. Farhoomand, “Compressibility and Crushing of Granular Soil in Anisotropic Triaxial Compression,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1967, pp. 68-86. doi:10.1139/t67-012

[7] B. O. Hardin, “Crushing of Soil Particles,” ASCE Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 111, No. 10, 1985, pp. 1177-1192. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1985)111:10(1177)

[8] M. M. Hagerty, D. R. Hite, C. R. Ulrich and D. J. Hagerty, “One-Dimensional-High Pressure Compression of Granular Media,” ASCE Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 119, No. 1, 1993, pp. 1-18. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1993)119:1(1)

[9] P. V. Lade, J. A. Yamamuro and P. A. Bopp, “Significance of Particle Crushing in Granular Materials,” ASCE Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 122, No. 4, 1996, pp. 309-316. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1996)122:4(309)

[10] G. R. McDowell and M. D. Bolton, “On the Micromechanics of Crushable Aggregates,” Géotechnique, Vol. 48, No. 5, 1998, pp. 667-679. doi:10.1680/geot.1998.48.5.667

[11] M. Takei, O. Kusakabe and T. Hayashi, “Time Dependent Behavior of Crushable Materials in One-Dimensional Compression Tests,” Soils and Foundations, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2001, pp. 97-121. doi:10.3208/sandf.41.97

[12] M. R. Coop, K. K. Sorensen, T. Bodas-Freitas and G. Georgoutos, “Particle Breakage during Shearing of a Carbonate Sand,” Géotechnique, Vol. 54, No. 3, 2004, pp. 157-163. doi:10.1680/geot.2004.54.3.157

[13] A. Tarantino and A. F. L. Hyde, “An Experimental Investigation of Work Dissipation in Crushable Materials,” Géotechnique, Vol. 55, No. 8, 2005, pp. 575-584. doi:10.1680/geot.2005.55.8.575

[14] J. R. Valdes and B. Caban, “Monitoring the Hydraulic Conductivity of Crushing Sands,” Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2006, pp. 322-329.

[15] D. M. Wood and K. Maeda, “Changing Grading of Soil: Effect on Critical States,” Acta Geotechnica, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2008, pp. 3-14. doi:10.1007/s11440-007-0041-0

[16] Y. Erzin and I. Yilmaz, “Case Study of Crushing Resistance of Anatolian Sands at Lower and Higher Density,” Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Vol. 67, No. 1, 2008, pp. 71-77. doi:10.1007/s10064-007-0111-4

[17] B. Melbouci, R. Bahar and B. Cambou, “Study of the Behaviour of Schist Grains under Crushing,” Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Vol. 67, No. 2, 2008, pp. 209-218. doi:10.1007/s10064-008-0125-6

[18] M. D. Bolton, “The Strength and Dilatancy of Sands,” Géotechnique, Vol. 36, No. 1, 1986, pp. 65-78. doi:10.1680/geot.1986.36.1.65

[19] J. Feda, “Notes on the Effect of Grain Crushing on the Granular Soil Behavior,” Engineering Geology, Vol. 63, No. 1-2, 2002, pp. 93-98. doi:10.1016/S0013-7952(01)00072-2

[20] F. A. Shergold, “A Study of the Crushing and Wear of Surface-Dressing Chippings under Rolling and Light Traffic,” Research Note No. RN/2298/FAS.B.P, 1954, p. 397. http://www16.us.archive.org/stream/aggregatedegrada00moav/aggregatedegrada00moav_djvu.txt

[21] I. Einav, “Breakage Mechanics—Part I: Theory,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 55, No. 6, 2007, pp. 1274-1297. doi:10.1016/j.jmps.2006.11.003