Aim: The aim of this study was to determine
the effect and relationship of continuous training programme on WBCc and psychosocial
status of black African (Nigerian) subjects with hypertension. Methods:
Nigerian subjects with diagnosis of hypertension attending the hypertensive
clinic of Murtala Muhammed Specialist Hospital (MMSH), Kano, Nigeria form the
population for the study. 217 subjects with mild to moderate (systolic
blood pressure [SBP] between 140-180 & diastolic blood pressure [DBP] between 90-109 mmHg) essential hypertension were age matched and randomly
grouped into continuous (112) & control
groups (105). The continuous group involved in an 8 weeks continuous
training (60%-79% HR max) of between 45 minutes to 60 minutes, 3 times per
week, while the controls group remain sedentary. SBP, DBP, WBCc, VO2max
and psychosocial status were assessed. Student t test and Pearson correlation
test were used in data analysis. Results: The study revealed a significant
beneficial effect of continuous training programmes on VO2max, SBP,
DBP, WBCc and psychosocial status (p < 0.05). Psychosocial status and WBCc
were positively and negatively correlated
respectively with VO2max at p < 0.01. Conclusions: This
study supports the recommendations of moderate intensity (continuous)
training program as an adjunct multi-therapy
in blood pressure, inflammatory and psychosocial stress management in hypertension.
Cite this paper
Lamina, S. , Okoye, C. , Ezema, C. , Ezugwu, U. , Amaeze, A. and Nwankwo, M. (2013) Effects and correlates of continuous training programme on psychosocial status and white blood cell count in men with essential hypertension: A randomized controlled trial. Health, 5, 1397-1405. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.59191.
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