JEP  Vol.4 No.9 , September 2013
Leachate Quality Characteristics: A Case Study of Two Industrial Solid Waste Dumpsites

The study evaluates the associated environmental risk of two industrial solid waste dumpsites. The Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) extraction test were used to characterize leachate quality on six solid waste samples obtained in July 2005, March 2006 and July 2006. Solid waste compositions varied with 58% metal scraps, 30% vegetation matter, 10% plastics and 2% paper materials. Statistical T-test (95% confidence limit) showed no significance difference in physico-chemical quality of the leachates obtained by both methods from both sites. Leachates obtained by the TCLP extraction accounted for a total of 92.4% of the overall metal load as against 6.01% for the ASTM method. This disparity is due to the acidic nature of the TCLP procedure which enhances more efficient extraction of metals than the ASTM method. Solid waste deposits at SITE-1 were considered hazardous to the environment, given that the upper 90% UCL values for lead exceeded the TCLP characteristic regulatory levels. These may pose a risk to vegetations and ground water reserve within the vicinity of the dumpsite on the long run. The risk may be such as bioaccumulation of lead in the food chain. Therefore, constant monitoring and possible remediation measures should be carried out to contained contamination.

Cite this paper: E. Etim and P. Onianwa, "Leachate Quality Characteristics: A Case Study of Two Industrial Solid Waste Dumpsites," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 9, 2013, pp. 984-988. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.49113.

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