OJRad  Vol.3 No.3 , September 2013
Acrylic Customized X-Ray Positioning Stent for Prospective Bone Level Analysis in Long-Term Clinical Implant Studies

Objectives: This paper describes a technique to produce individualized X-ray positioning devices for intraoral digital imaging of dental implants with long-term stability. Materials and Methods: An X-ray positioning device was built for Gendex? Visualix? eHD sensor, using the Dentsply rinn XCP-DS? system individualized by the incorporation of the bite piece within an acrylic stent to perform successive standardized radiographs to 16 patients. X-ray tube stabilization was achieved with polivinylsiloxane. Series of 3 radiographs were taken to each patient in different moments. Specific linear measurements as the implant diameter (mesio-distal width) and the height between consecutive threads (thread pitch) were made to all radiographs to determine the reproducibility and accuracy of the procedure. Results: The intraclass correlation coefficient for the mesio-distal width was 0.964 [(0.920 - 0.986) 95% CI] (p < 0.01) and 0.990 [(0.976 - 0.996) 95% CI] (p < 0.01) for the thread pitch. Bland-Altman plots comparing implant diameter showed mean bias of 0.01 ± 0.01975, 0.01 ± 0.02243 and 0.0006 ± 0.025 for groups 1 - 2, 1 - 3 and 2 - 3 respectively. Mean bias of 0.0024 ± 0.00552, 0.0027 ± 0.00552 and 0.0003 ± 0.0012 was found for the thread pitch analysis of groups 1 - 2, 1 - 3 and 2 - 3. One sample t-test for trueness of mesio-distal width, thread pitch and ratio showed mean difference of 0.00156 mm for the test value of 3.3 (p = 0.9), -0.00026 mm for 0.8 (p = 0.96) and 0.0124 for 4.125 (p = 0.72), respectively, after the application of a magnification correction factor. Conclusion: The device produced reproducible images in different moments and was suitable for comparative clinical examinations of marginal bone as it was convenient to perform reliable linear measurements.

Cite this paper
A. Messias, J. Tondela, S. Rocha, R. Reis, P. Nicolau and F. Guerra, "Acrylic Customized X-Ray Positioning Stent for Prospective Bone Level Analysis in Long-Term Clinical Implant Studies," Open Journal of Radiology, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 136-142. doi: 10.4236/ojrad.2013.33023.
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