ABSTRACT This work is aimed to synthesize new type ceramic materials: Pb1-2XSmxNdx[(Zr0,55Ti0,45)1-0.02,0.01(Y2/3,Mo1/3),0.01 (Y2/3,Ni1/3)]O3 of structure perovskite in the presence of the doping agents: NiO, Sm2O3, Y2O3, Nd2O3 and MoO3 near the morphotropic phase boundary. These ceramics worked out by solid way, we present the preparation and the different stages of the formation reaction of the solid solution. Then we will detail the different techniques of analysis applied to this compound; we begin by the X-ray diffraction in the following by analysis spectroscopic (FTIR), analysis by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and finally analysis by spectrometric energy dispersive (EDS). These studies help us to accumulate as much information on these materials.
Cite this paper
O. Kribaa and A. Boutarfaia, "The Study of Reaction Sequences for Formation of Solid Solution of Ceramic Material: Pb1-2XSmxNdx[(Zr0,55Ti0,45)1-0.02,0.01(Y2/3,Mo1/3),0.01 (Y2/3,Ni1/3)]O3 and the Study of These Structures," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 1 No. 5, 2013, pp. 217-221. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2013.15034.
 Y. Matsuo and H Asaki, “Formation of Lead Zirconate Lead Titanate Solid Solutions,” Journal of American Ceramic Society, Vol. 48, No. 6, 1965, pp. 289-290. doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.1965.tb14743.x
 W. M. Speri, “Thermal Analysis of Processes Which Occur during the Calcining of Adulterated and Unadulterated Lead Zirconate-Lead Titanate,” Ph.D. Thesis, Rutgers University, 1969.
 L. Smart and E. More, “Introduction to the Chemistry of Solid,” Masson, Paris, 1997.
 B. V. Hiremath, A. I. Kingon and J. V. Biggers, “Reaction Sequence in the Formation of Lead Zirconate-Lead Titanate Solid Solution: Role of Raw Materials,” Materials Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 1983.
 D. L. Hanky and J. V. Biggers, “Solid State Reaction in the System PbO-TiO2-ZrO2,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 64, No. 12, 1981, pp. 172-173.
 E. Jaren and P. Duran, “Mechanism of the Solid State Formation of Lead Zirconate Titanate,” Journal of Physics, Vol. 47, No. 2, 1986, pp. 537-542.
 S. Mori, H. Mitsuda, K. Date, H. kioki and T. Miazawa, National Technique Report, Vol. 10, No. 32, 1964, p. 32.
 W. M. Speri, “Thermal Analysis of Processes Which Occur during the Calcining of Adulterated and Unadulterated Lead Zirconate-Lead Titanate,” Ph.D. Thesis, Rutgers Univessity, New Brunswick, 1969.
 D. L. Hankey and J. V. Biggers, “Solid State Reaction in the System PbO-TiO2-ZrO2 University of Pennsylvania Materials Research Laboratory: Ferroelectic Materials Annual Report, Appendix 9,” 1978.
 J. V. Biggers and S. Venkataramani, “Preparation and Reactivity of Lead from Aqueous Solutions,” Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 13, No. 7, 1978, pp. 717-722. doi:10.1016/0025-5408(78)90093-4
 S. S. Chandratreya, R. M. Fulrath and J. A. Y. Pask, “Reaction Mechanisms in the Formation of PZT Solid Solutions,” Journal American Ceramic Society, Vol. 64, No. 7, 1981, pp. 422-425. doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.1981.tb09883.x
 M. M. Zaghete, J. Varela, M. Cilense, C. Paiva-Santos, W. C. Longo and E. Longo, “The Effect of Is Structural Seeding on the Microstructure and Piezoelectric Properties of PZT Ceramics,” Ceramic International, Vol. 25, No. 1, 1999, pp. 239-244.