ABSTRACT Background: To study the impact of preoperative ocular compression on bacterial contamination of the lid margin and conjunctival sac. Methods: This study evaluated 106 eyes from 106 patients undergoing cataract surgery. Preoperatively, all of the patients received one drop of 0.5% levofloxacin eye drops 5 times per day for 4 days. The patients were divided into 2 groups after receiving retrobulbar anaesthesia. The study group (75 eyes) received 15 ± 2 minutes of ocular compression, and the control group (31 eyes) remained with their eyes closed for 15 ± 2 minutes without the application of ocular compression or digital massage. Following the device removal (study group only) and the opening of the eyes, bacterial cultures were taken from the lid margin and conjunctival sac. Results: The lid margin was positive for bacteria in 23 eyes (30.7%) in the study group vs. 3 eyes (9.7%) in the control group (P = 0.0223), and the conjunctival sac was positive for bacteria in 16 eyes (21.3%) in the study group vs. 5 eyes (16.1%) in the control group (P = 0.5409). Conclusion: Preoperative ocular compression is associated with the release of meibomian gland secretions and bacterial contamination of the eyelid edges.
Cite this paper
A. Eslami, N. Sergienko and I. Bilko, "Impact of Ocular Compression on Ocular Surface Bacterial Contamination," International Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol. 4 No. 9, 2013, pp. 375-377. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.49067.
 J. C. Lloyd and R. Braga-Mele, “Incidence of Postoperative Endophthalmitis in a High-Volume Cataract Surgicentre in Canada,” Canadian Journal Ophthalmology, Vol. 44, No. 3, 2009, pp. 288-292.
 R. G. Ariyasu, T. Nakamura, N. D. Trousdale and R. E. Smith, “Intraoperative Bacterial Contamination of the Aqueous Humor,” Ophthalmic Surgery, Vol. 24, No. 6, 1993, pp. 367-374.
 M. G. Speaker, F. A Milch, M. K. Shah, W. Eisner and B. N. Kreiswirth, “Role of External Bacterial Flora in the Pathogenesis of Acute Postoperative Endophthalmitis,” Ophthalmology, Vol. 98, No. 5, 1991, pp. 639-649.
 G. L. Wood, “Microbiology,” In: K. D. McClatchey, Ed., Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2002, pp. 1024-1175.
 F. A. Bucci Jr., “Prevention of Endophthalmitis and Ocular Absorption of Fluoroquinolones,” Ocular Surgery News, November 2003, pp. 5-8.
 E. Knop, N. Knop, T. Millar, H. Obata and D. A. Sullivan, “The International Workshop on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: Report of the Subcommittee on Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathophysiology of the Meibomian Gland,” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Vol. 52, No. 4, 2011, pp. 1938-1978. doi:10.1167/iovs.10-6997c
 J. Garcia-Arumi, A. Fonollosa, L. Sararols, F. Fina, V. Martinez-Castillo, A. Boixadera, M. A. Zapata and M. Campins, “Topical Anesthesia: Possible Risk Factor for Endophthalmitis after Cataract Extraction,” Journal Cataract Refract Surgery, Vol. 33, No. 6, 2007, pp. 989-992.
 N. M. Sergienko, Y. N. Kondratenko, N. V. Chumak and A. Daneshmand, “Results of Prophylaxis of Bacterial Endophthalmitis in Cataract Surgery,” Proceedings of the Joint Congress of SOE/AAO, Geneva, June 2011, p. 51.