IJOHNS  Vol.2 No.5 , September 2013
Comparison of Transtympanic and Extratympanic Electrocochleography
ABSTRACT
Electrocochleography (ECoG) has been an important tool in the diagnosis of Meniere’s disease or endolymphatic hydrops. There are two methods employed, transtympanic and extratympanic. Many have regarded the results of these methods as being equally reliable. The purpose of this study is to determine any differences in sensitivity between the two methods. In this study patients with known endolymphatic hydrops or Meniere’s disease underwent ECoG testing with both the extratympanic method and the transtympanic method on the same day in the same ear. The results show a significant difference between the two methods, with the transtympanic wave values being smaller and therefore more sensitive than the extratympanic method. In addition, transtympanic ECoG resulted in better waveform morphology and better correlation with the audiometric findings in endolymphatic hydrops and Meniere’s disease. The results emphasize the superior role of transtympanic ECoG over extratympanic ECoG as a valuable component in the confirmation of Meniere’s disease or endolymphatic hydrops along with history and audiometric findings characteristic of the disease. Implications of the study promote the use of transtympanic ECoG rather than extratympanic ECoG in patients with symptoms suggestive of Meniere’s disease or endolymphatic hydrops.

Cite this paper
A. Dobbs, W. Krueger and S. Bishop, "Comparison of Transtympanic and Extratympanic Electrocochleography," International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2013, pp. 160-164. doi: 10.4236/ijohns.2013.25035.
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