The substantial portions of the text came from Dr. Thomas Sowers research, “The Rhetoric of Political Conservativism in the Post-Reagan Era” presented at the Louisiana Political Science Association Annual Meeting in 2001.
This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. Aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.
 A Virginian’s Amphictyon’ Essays (1819). Richmond enquirer. In G. Gunther (Ed.), John Marshall’s defense of McCulloch v. Maryland (pp. 52-77). Stanford: Stanford University Press.
 Applebome, P. (1997). New call for support of Clinton on schools. New York: New York Times.
 Balitzer, A. A., & Bonetto, G. M. (1983). A time for choosing: The speeches of Ronald Reagan, 1961-1982. Chicago: Regnery Gateway Press.
 Bennett, W. J. (1986). What works: Research about teaching and learning. Washington DC: US Department of Education.
 Brown v. Board of Education (1954). 483.
 Bush, G. W. (2000). Acceptance speech. Philadelphia.
 Bush, G. W. (2000). Getting results from government. Philadelphia.
 Bush, G. W. (2000). Remarks at Bob Jones University. Greensville.
 Bush, G. W. (2000). Responsible leadership. Pittsburgh.
 Calhoun, J. C., & Meriwether, R. L. (1959). The papers of John C. Calhoun. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.
 Calhoun, J. C., & Wilson, C. N. (1992). The essential Calhoun: Selections from writings, speeches, and letters. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
 Chisholm v. Georgia (1995). 419.
 Clinton, W. J. (1993). Teleconference remarks with the US conference of mayors. In Weekly compilation of presidential documents (pp. 1150-1155). Washington DC: Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration.
 Diamond, S. (1995). Roads to dominion: Right wing movements and political power in the United States. New York: The Guilford Press.
 Erickson, P. D. (1985). Reagan speaks: The making of an American myth. New York: New York University Press.
 Ford, W. C., Hunt, G., Fitzpatrick, J. C., & Hill, R. R. (1907). Journals of the continental congress, 1774-1789. Washington DC: Library of Congress.
 Gunther, G. (1969). John Marshall’s defense of McCulloch v. Maryland. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
 Richmond enquirer. In G. Gunther (Ed.), John Marshall’s defense of McCulloch v. Maryland (1819: pp. 106-154). Stanford: Stanford University Press.
 Hampton, H. (1987). Eyes on the prize, Series 1: America’s civil rights years 1954-1965. Blackside, Inc.
 Hodding III, C. (1959). The south strikes back. New York: Doubleday.
 Lewis, A. C. (1995). Washington commentary. Phi Delta Kappan, 77, 4.
 McCulloch v. Maryland (1819). 316.
 National Commission on Excellence in Education (1983). A nation at risk: The imperative for educational reform. Washington DC: US Department of Education.
 Spring, J. H. (1988). Conflict of interests: The politics of American education. New York: Longman Press.
 Storing, H. J. (1981). The complete anti-federalist. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. doi:10.7208/chicago/9780226775760.001.0001
 Storing, H. J. (1985). The anti-federalists: Writings by the opponents of the constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
 US Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton (1995). 514
 US v. Lopez (1995). 514.