OJEpi  Vol.3 No.3 , August 2013
Abdominal wall hernia in a rural population in India—Is spectrum changing?
ABSTRACT

Hernia is a common word that most surgeons are familiar with. A retrospective study was planned to analyse the spectrum of abdominal wall hernias in a rural population inIndia. Majority of the patients were of 40 - 70 yrs. Male to female ratio was 7:1. Incidence of groin hernias showed an increasing trend with advancing age. Out of total 320 cases, inguinal hernias were predominating in 77.81% cases. Ventral hernias were present in about 18% cases. However, femoral hernias were rare. We concluded that spectrum of abdominal wall hernias is almost the same all over the globe despite having differences in their socioeconomic and educational status.


Cite this paper
Sangwan, M. , Sangwan, V. , Garg, M. , Mahendirutta, P. and Garg, U. (2013) Abdominal wall hernia in a rural population in India—Is spectrum changing?. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 3, 135-138. doi: 10.4236/ojepi.2013.33020.
References
[1]   Mebula, J.B. and Chalya, P.L. (2012) Surgical management of inguinal hernias at Bugando medical centre in northwestern Tanzania: Our experience in a resource-limited setting. Mebula and Chalya BMC Research, 5, 585.

[2]   Primatesia, P. and Golacre, M.J. (1996) Inguinal hernia repair, incidence of elective and emergency surgery. International Journal of Epidemiology, 25, 835-839. doi:10.1093/ije/25.4.835

[3]   Kingnorth, A.N. and Leblanc, K.A. (2003) Management of abdominal hernias. 3rd Edition, Edward Arnold, London.

[4]   Rutkow, I.M. (2003) Demographic and socioeconomic aspects of hernia repair in United States in 2003. Surgical Clinics of North America, 83, 1045-1051. doi:10.1016/S0039-6109(03)00132-4

[5]   Javid, P.J. and Brooks, D.C. (2007) Hernias. In: Zinner, M.J. and Ashley, S.W., Eds., Maingots Abdominal Operations, Vol. 1, 11th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 103-139.

[6]   Gulzar, M.R., Iqbal, J., Ulhaq, M.I. and Afzal, M. (2007) Darning vs Bassini repair for inguinal hernia—A prospective comparative study. Professional Medical Journal, 14, 128-133.

[7]   Fitzgibbons, R.J., Filipi, C.J. and Thomas, H.Q. (2005) Inguinal hernia. In: Brunicardi, F.C., Andersen, D.K., Billiar, T.R., Dunn, D.L., Hunter, J.G. and Pollock, R.E., Eds., Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery, 8th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.

[8]   Sultan, B., Qureshi, Z. and Malik, M.A. (2009) Frequency of external hernias in Ayub teaching hospital Abbottabad. Journal of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad, 21, 57-58.

[9]   Garba, E.S. (2000) The pattern of adult external abdominal hernias in Zaria. Nigerian Journal of Surgical Research, 2, 12-15.

[10]   Mbah, N. (2007) Morbidity and mortality associated with inguinal hernia in northwestern Nigeria. West African Journal of Medicine, 26, 288-292.

[11]   Zimmermann, L.M. and Amson, B.J. (1967) Anatomy and surgery of hernias, 2nd Edition, Willium and Wilkins, Baltimore.

[12]   Russell, R.C.G., Williams, N.S. and Bulstrode, C.J.K. (2000) Bailey and love’s short practice of surgery. 23rd Edition, Hodder Arnold, London.

[13]   Ammar, S.A. and Ismail, T. (2008) Abdominal wall hernias in upper Egypt: A different spectrum. East and Central African Journal of Surgery, 13, 109-113.

[14]   Osifo, O.D. and Amusan, T. (2010) Outcome of giant inguinosacrotal hernia repair with local lidocaineanaesthesia. Saudi Medical Journal, 31, 53-58.

 
 
Top