Abdominal fat or
truncal obesity consists of both subcutaneous and visceral fat. It has been
found that visceral fat is more metabolically active than subcutaneous fat. The
low-level inflammation linked with abdominal fat is associated with insulin
resistance and with increases in the release of inflammatory adipokines and cytokines.
As a result of these changes, abdominal fat can cause a variety of health
conditions. In this review, we focus on the adverse effects of abdominal fat
on the body and how it can lead to the development of cardiovascular disease, hypertension,
type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, stroke and cancer. Additionally, we
discuss how abdominal fat can be reduced as a result from correction of
Cite this paper
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