ETSN  Vol.2 No.3 , September 2013
Perspectives for Wearable Electronics in Healthcare and Childcare
Abstract: This paper starts with a literature survey that introduces possibilities of wearable electronics (WE) in different healthcare and childcare applications. Next, 24 personal interviews and an Internet forum survey were conducted in Finland about the use of WE in applications mentioned above. According to the results, most of the people feel positive about clothes used for wireless identification purposes in healthcare and childcare, but when more information about the person is added that can be wirelessly read, the feelings become more negative. Several important points to consider before implementation of WE for healthcare and childcare environments were brought up.
Cite this paper: J. Virkki and P. Raumonen, "Perspectives for Wearable Electronics in Healthcare and Childcare," E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2013, pp. 58-63. doi: 10.4236/etsn.2013.23008.

[1]   T. Loher, R. Vieroth, M. Seckel, A. Ostmann and H. Reichl, “Stretchable Electronic Systems for Wearable and Textile Applications,” IEEE VLSI Packaging Workshop of Japan, Kyoto, 1-2 December 2008, pp. 9-12.

[2]   M. Swan, “Sensor Mania! The Internet of Things, Wearable Computing, Objective Metrics, and the Quantified Self 2.0.,” Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2012, pp. 217-253. doi:10.3390/jsan1030217

[3]   H.-J. Yoo, “Your Heart on Your Sleeve: Advances in Textile-Based Electronics Are Weaving Computers Right into the Clothes We Wear,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2013, pp. 59-70. doi:10.1109/MSSC.2012.2232781

[4]   L. Yang, R. Vyas, A. Rida, J. Pan and M. M. Tentzeris, “Wearable RFID-Enabled Sensor Nodes for Biomedical Applications,” Electronic Components and Technology Conference, Lake Buena Vista, 27-30 May 2008, pp. 2156-2159.

[5]   H. Alemdar and C. Ersoy, “Wireless Sensor Networks for Healthcare: A Survey,” Computer Networks, Vol. 54, No. 15, 2010, pp. 2688-2710. doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2010.05.003

[6]   S.-W. Wang, W.-H. Chen, C.-S. Ong, L. Liu and Y.-W. Chuang. “RFID Application in Hospitals: A Case Study on a Demonstration RFID Project in a Taiwan Hospital,” International Conference on System Sciences, Vol. 8, 4-7 January 2006, 10 p. doi:10.1109/HICSS.2006.422

[7]   C. C. Hsiao, Y-J. Sung, S.-J. Lau; C.-H. Chen, F.-H. Hsiao, H.-H. Chu and P. Huang, “Towards Long-Term Mobility Tracking in NTU Hospital’s Elder Care Center,” IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops, Seattle, 21-25 March 2011, pp. 649-654.

[8]   E. Iadanza and F. Dori, “Custom Active RFID Solution for Children Tracking and Identifying in a Resuscitation Ward,” IEEE International Conference, Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Minneapolis, 3-6 September 2009, pp. 5223-5236.

[9]   C. Occhiuzzi, S. Cippitelli and G. Marrocco, “Modeling, Design and Experimentation of Wearable RFID Sensor Tag,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 8, 2010, pp. 2490-2498. doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2050435

[10]   A. A. Safavi, A. Keshavarz-Haddad, S. Khoubani, S. Mosharraf-Dehkordi, A. Dehghani-Pilehvarani and F. S. Tabei, “A Remote Elderly Monitoring System with Localizing Based on Wireless Sensor Network,” International Conference on Computer Design and Applications, Qinhuangdao, 25-27June 2010, pp. V2-553-V2-557.

[11]   K. K. Jung, D. S. Son and K. H. Eom, “RFID Footwear and Floor System,” World Congress on Computer Science and Information Engineering, Los Angeles, 31 March-2 April 2009, pp. 72-75.

[12]   Y.-C. Chen and Y.-W. Lin, “Indoor RFID Gait Monitoring System for Fall Detection,” International Symposium on Aware Computing, Tainan, 1-4 November 2010, pp. 207-212.

[13]   Z. Pang, Q. Chen, L. Zheng and E. Dubrova, “An In-Home Medication Management Solution Based on Intelligent Packaging and Ubiquitous Sensing,” International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology, PyeongChang, 27-30 January 2013, pp. 545-550.

[14]   C. Rotariu and V. Manta, “Wireless System for Remote Monitoring of Oxygen Saturation and Heart Rate,” Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, Wroclaw, 9-12 September 2012, pp. 193-196.

[15]   B. Vijayalakshmi and C. Ram Kumar, “Patient Monitoring System using Wireless Sensor based Mesh Network,” International Conference on Computing Communication & Networking Technologies, Coimbatore, 26-28 Junly 2012, pp. 1-6.

[16]   R. G. Haahr, S. Duun, E. V. Thomsen, K. Hoppe and J. Branebjerg, “A Wearable ‘Electronic Patch’ for Wireless Continuous Monitoring of Chronically Diseased Patients,” International Summer School and Symposium on Medical Devices and Biosensors, Hong Kong, 1-3 June 2008, pp. 66-70.

[17]   T. Kellomaki, W. G. Whittow, J. Heikkinen and L. Kettunen, “2.4 GHz Plaster Antennas for Health Monitoring,” European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Berlin, 23-27 March 2009, pp. 211-215.

[18]   C.-J. Lin, T.-L. Lee, S.-L. Syu and B.-W. Chen, “Application of Intelligent Agent and RFID Technology for Indoor Position: Safety of Kindergarten as Example,” International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Qingdao, 11-14 July 2010, pp. 2571-2576.

[19]   Z. Fang, L. Wei, W. Chen and Y. He, “A RFID-Based Kindergarten Intelligence Security System,” IEEE International Conference on e-Business Engineering, Hangzhou, 9-11September 2012, pp. 321-326.

[20]   M. Krsmanovic, G. Muric and N. Gospic, “Improvement of Children Safety by using RFID Based Service,” Telecommunications Forum, Belgrade, 22-24 November 2011, pp. 130-133.

[21]   H. Feng and W. Fu, “Study of Recent Development about Privacy and Security of the Internet of Things,” International Conference on Web Information Systems and Mining, Sanya, 23-24 October 2010, pp. 91-95.

[22]   S. Kurkovsky, E. Syta and B. Casano, “Continuous RFID-Enabled Authentication: Privacy Implications,” IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, Vol. 30, No. 3, 2011, pp. 34-41. doi:10.1109/MTS.2011.942306

[23]   W. J. Song, S. H. Son, M. Choi and M. Kang, “Privacy and Security Control Architecture for Ubiquitous RFID Healthcare System in Wireless Sensor Networks,” International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Las Vegas, 7-11 January 2006, pp. 239-240.

[24]   S. S. Choi, M. K. Choi, W. J. Song and S. H. Son, “Ubiquitous RFID Healthcare Systems Analysis on PhysioNet Grid Portal Services Using Petri Nets,” International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal Processing, Bangkok, 6-9 December 2005, pp. 1254-1258.

[25]   D. J. Solove, “A Taxonomy of Privacy,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 154, No. 3, 2006, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 129.

[26]   G. Anderson and G. Lee, “Why Consumers (Don’t) Adopt Smart WE,” IEEE Pervasive Computing, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2008, pp. 10-12. doi:10.1109/MPRV.2008.64

[27]   E. K. Choe, S. Consolvo, J. Jung, B. Harrison and J. A. Kientz, “Living in a Glass House: A Survey of Private Moments in the Home,” International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing, Beijing, 17-21 Sseptember 2011, pp. 41-45.

[28]   L. Boise, K. Wild, N. Mattek, M. Ruhl, H. H. Dodge and J. Kaye, “Willingness of Older Adults to Share Data and Privacy Concerns after Exposure to Unobtrusive In-Home Monitoring,” Gerontechnology, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2013, pp. 428-435.

[29]   R. Steele, A. Lo, C. Secombe and Y. K. Wong, “Elderly Persons’ Perception and Acceptance of Using Wireless Sensor Networks to Assist Healthcare,” International Journal of Medical Informatics, Vol. 78, No. 12, 2009, pp. 788-801. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2009.08.001

[30]   W. C. Mann, T. Marchant, M. Tomita, L. Fraas and K. Stanton, “Elder Acceptance of Health Monitoring Devices in the Home,” Care Management Journals, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2002, pp. 91-98.

[31]   J. Virkki and L. Chen, “Personal Perspectives: Individual Privacy in the IOT,” Advances in Internet of Things, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2013, pp. 21-26. doi:10.4236/ait.2013.32003