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 OJE  Vol.3 No.5 , September 2013
Nesting patterns of raptors; White backed vulture (Gyps africanus) and African fish eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer), in Lochinvar National Park on the kafue flats, Zambia
Abstract: This study assessed the nesting patterns of raptors, Gyps africanus and Haliaeetus vocifer in Lochinvar National Park. The main objective of the study was to determine whether tree species, height, girth size, and habitat influenced raptor’s nest placement within Lochinvar National Park. Two species were selected as indicator species for the raptors. Habitat types and tree species were identified and measurements of tree species with nests measured. It was found that the minimum height of nest placement was 10 meters above ground and Acacia woodland was found to be the most preferred habitat for nest placement. Raptors avoided human disturbance by placing their nests at least 100 meters away from human disturbance and from the National park boundary inwards or abandoning if human encroachment comes close to the nest. More research is required to assess nesting materials used, and to determine whether raptors can swap nets or return to the abandoned nests when human disturbance ceases.
Cite this paper: Chomba, C. and M’Simuko, E. (2013) Nesting patterns of raptors; White backed vulture (Gyps africanus) and African fish eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer), in Lochinvar National Park on the kafue flats, Zambia. Open Journal of Ecology, 3, 325-330. doi: 10.4236/oje.2013.35037.
References

[1]   Birdlife International (2009) Haliaeetus vocifer. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature.

[2]   Birdlife International (2007) Haliaeetus vocifer. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature.

[3]   Wink, M., Heidrich, P. and Fentzloff, C. (1996) A mtDNA phylogeny of sea eagles (genus Haliaeetus) based on nucleotide sequences of the cytochrome b gene. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 24, 783-791.

[4]   Palgrave, K.C. (2002) Trees of Southern Africa. New Holland Publishing, Cape Town.

[5]   Oberprieler, U. and Cillie B. (2009) The raptor guide of Southern Africa, Game Parks Publishing, Pretoria.

[6]   Maclean, G.L. (1990) Ornithology for Africa. A text book for users on the African continent. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg.

[7]   Chansa, W. and Kampamba, G. (2009) The population status of the Kafue Lechwe in the Kafue Flats, Zambia. African Journal of Ecology, 48, 837-840.

 
 
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