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 OJO  Vol.3 No.4 , August 2013
Effects of Curved Periacetabular Osteotomy on the Stress Fields of the Pubic Rami and Ischium: A Finite Element Model Analysis
Abstract: Background: Postoperative pubic or ischial stress fracture may be a complication after curved periacetabular osteotomy (CPO). The discontinuity of the superior pubic rami is a risk factor for this complication. We investigated the stress field differences in standing and sitting positions after CPO. Methods: We used finite element analysis to assess the effects of inferior pubic rami and ischial fractures with or without discontinuity of superior pubic rami. We used the “union model”, obtained from a bony union at the osteotomy site of the superior pubic rami from 38-year-old woman who had undergone CPO for left hip dysplasia. We deleted the bony union region and created a discontinuity in the superior pubic rami equal to the non-union, creating the “discontinuity model”. We compared the stress field and stress value in the simulated standing and half weight-bearing positions on the operative side, one-legged standing position on the non-operative side, and the sitting position. Findings: In 4 cases, the inferior rami experienced the highest stress. Stress values in the discontinuity model were higher than those in the union model: 1.7 times in the case of one-legged standing on the operative side, 2.4 times in the case of half weight-bearing on the operative side, 3.8 times in the case of one-legged standing on the non-operative side, and 2.0 times in the sitting position, respectively. Interpretation: We recommend patients delay weight bearing on the operative side, avoid the sitting position as long as possible, and sit down slowly to prevent inferior pubic rami and ischial fractures after CPO.
Cite this paper: N. Imai, Y. Dohmae, K. Suda, D. Miyasaka, T. Ito and N. Endo, "Effects of Curved Periacetabular Osteotomy on the Stress Fields of the Pubic Rami and Ischium: A Finite Element Model Analysis," Open Journal of Orthopedics, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 199-203. doi: 10.4236/ojo.2013.34036.
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