AJPS  Vol.4 No.8 , August 2013
Economic Impact of GM Hysteria on EU Feed Market
Abstract: A growing world population coupled with changing diet is projected to increase demand for food production by 70% by 2050. Helping farmers lose less of their crops will be a key factor in promoting food security. In addition to pesticides GM crops will continue to be a vital tool in the diverse range of technologies that can maintain and improve living standards for the people of the world. The EU is dependent for 65% on imports of protein-rich feedstuffs for which there are no substitutes in the short term. The EU livestock sector uses imported soybean, soybean meal and maize by-products as animal feed. Without an adequate supply of these feed ingredients, the EU’s livestock production will loose competitiveness. However, demands from the EU differ to those from third countries with respect to the GM varieties grown, and what are authorised for import into the EU. The risk that supplies of soya products and maize by-products could be affected by the low-level presence of non-EU approved GM material has not been fully resolved as the EU has allowed just a 0.1% tolerance for this plus 0.05% tolerance for measuring uncertainty. This could cause supply problems for the animal feed industry, and ultimately supply of food to consumers. The importance of the EU market and EU requirements for the major soybean and maize exporter countries is declining over time and it is becoming increasingly difficult and costly to maintain a non-GM supply chain in the EU. Food companies and supermarkets will struggle to stay GM-free. EU member states dependent on imports will be forced to deal with more GM presence in their chain. Market forces are forcing governments to authorize products more efficiently, develop tolerance policies or tolerate unapproved varieties in their imports.
Cite this paper: J. Popp, K. Pető, R. Magda and Z. Lakner, "Economic Impact of GM Hysteria on EU Feed Market," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 8, 2013, pp. 1547-1553. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.48186.

[1]   J. Popp, K. Peto and J. Nagy, “Pesticide Productivity and Food Security. A Review,” Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2013, pp. 243-255. doi:10.1007/s13593-012-0105-x

[2]   E. C. Oerke, “Crop Losses to Pests”, Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. 144, No. 1, 2006, pp. 31-43. doi:10.1017/S0021859605005708

[3]   J. Gustavsson, C. Cederberg, U. Sonesson, R. van Otterdijk and A. Meybeck, “Global Food Losses and Food Wastes—Extent, Causes and Prevention,” FAO, Rome, 2011.

[4]   J. Popp, “Cost-Benefit Analysis of Crop Protection Measures,” Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety, Vol. 6, No. S1, 2011, pp. 105-112.

[5]   EC, “Economic Impact of Unapproved GMOs on EU Feed Imports and Livestock Production,” DG AGRI Report, European Commission, Brussels, 2007.

[6]   EC, “Study on the Implications of Asynchronous GMO Approvals for EU Imports of Animal Feed Products,” European Commission, Brussels, 2010.

[7]   Agra CEAS Consulting, “Assessment of the Scope for the Development of Vegetable Protein Production in the EU,” Working Paper, European Union/European Parliament. Bureau Européen de Recherches (Agra CEAS Consulting), Brussels, 2003.

[8]   C. James, “2012 ISAAA Report on Global Status of Biotech/GM Crops,” International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA), 2013.

[9]   Toepfer International, “The EU Feed Market in February,” Market Review February 2013, Alfred C. Toepfer International GmbH, Hamburg, 2013.

[10]   USDA, “Production, Supply and Distribution,” United States Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service, 2013.

[11]   Toepfer International, “Market Review April 2012,” Alfred C. Toepfer International GmbH, Hamburg, 2012.

[12]   M. Lynas, “Speech Hosted by the International Programs —College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (50th Anniversary Celebration), and the Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future,” Cornell University, 2013.

[13]   EuropaBio, “Undue Delays in the EU Approval of Safe GM Products,” The European Association for Bioindustries, 2012.

[14]   Tesco Food News, “An Update on Poultry Feed,” 2013.

[15]   Oil Word, “OIL WORLD Database,” ISTA Mielke GmbH, Hamburg, 2013.