A Simulation Study of the Effect of Geomagnetic Activity on the Global Circulation in the Earth’s Middle Atmosphere

Affiliation(s)

Polar Geophysical Institute, Kola Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Russia.

Polar Geophysical Institute, Kola Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Russia.

ABSTRACT

To investigate how geomagnetic activity
affects the formation of the
large-scale global circulation
of the middle atmosphere, the non-hydrostatic model of the global
wind system of the Earth’s atmosphere, developed earlier in the ** **considerably on the
formation of global wind system in the stratosphere,
mesosphere, and lower thermosphere.
The influence on the middle atmosphere
is conditioned by the vertical transport of air from the lower thermosphere to
the mesosphere and stratosphere and vice versa. This transport may be rather
distinct under different geomagnetic activity conditions.

Cite this paper

I. Mingalev, G. Mingaleva and V. Mingalev, "A Simulation Study of the Effect of Geomagnetic Activity on the Global Circulation in the Earth’s Middle Atmosphere,"*Atmospheric and Climate Sciences*, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 8-19. doi: 10.4236/acs.2013.33A002.

I. Mingalev, G. Mingaleva and V. Mingalev, "A Simulation Study of the Effect of Geomagnetic Activity on the Global Circulation in the Earth’s Middle Atmosphere,"

References

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[2] D. Cariolle, A. Lasserre-Bigorry, J.-F. Royer and J.-F. Geleyn, “A General Circulation Model Simulation of the Springtime Antarctic Ozone Decrease and Its Impact on Mid-Latitudes,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 95, No. 2, 1990, pp. 1883-1898. doi:10.1029/JD095iD02p01883

[3] P. J. Rasch and D. L. Williamson, “The Sensitivity of a General Circulation Model Climate to the Moisture Transport Formulation,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 96, No. D7, 1991, pp. 13123-13137. doi:10.1029/91JD01179

[4] H. F. Graf, I. Kirchner, R. Sausen and S. Schubert, “The Impact of Upper-Tropospheric Aerosol on Global Atmospheric Circulation,” Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 10, No. 9, 1992, pp. 698-707.

[5] P. A. Stott and R. S. Harwood, “An implicit time-stepping scheme for chemical species in a Global atmospheric circulation model”, Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 11, 1993, pp. 377-388.

[6] B. Christiansen, A. Guldberg, A. W. Hansen and L. P. Riishojgaard, “On the Response of a Three-Dimensional General Circulation Model to Imposed Changes in the Ozone Distribution,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 102, No. D11, 1997, pp. 13051-13078. doi:10.1029/97JD00529

[7] V. Y. Galin, “Parametrization of Radiative Processes in the DNM Atmospheric Model,” Izvestiya Akademii Nauk, Physics of Atmosphere and Ocean, Vol. 34, No. 3, 1997, pp. 380-389.

[8] A.-L. Gibelin and M. Deque, “Anthropogenic Climate Change over the Mediterranean Region Simulated by a Global Variable Resolution Model,” Climate Dynamics, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2002, pp. 327-339.

[9] M. Mendillo, H. Rishbeth, R. G. Roble and J. Wroten, “Modelling F2-Layer Seasonal Trends and Day-To-Day Variability Driven by Coupling with the Lower Atmosphere,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 64, No. 18, 2002, pp. 1911-1931. doi:10.1016/S1364-6826(02)00193-1

[10] M. J. Harris, N. F. Arnold and A. D. Aylward, “A Study into the Effect of the Diurnal Tide on the Structure of the Background Mesosphere and Thermosphere Using the New Coupled Middle Atmosphere and Thermosphere (CMAT) General Circulation Model,” Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2002, pp. 225-235. doi:10.5194/angeo-20-225-2002

[11] U. Langematz, A. Claussnitzer, K. Matthes and M. Kunze, “The Climate during Maunder Minimum: A Simulation with Freie Universitat Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model (FUB-CMAT),” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 67, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 55-69. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2004.07.017

[12] I. V. Mingalev and V. S. Mingalev, “The Global Circulation Model of the Lower and Middle Atmosphere of the Earth with a Given Temperature Distribution,” Mathematical Modeling, Vol. 17, No. 5, 2005, pp. 24-40.

[13] I. V. Mingalev, V. S. Mingalev and G. I. Mingaleva, “Numerical Simulation of Global Distributions of the Horizontal and Vertical Wind in the Middle Atmosphere Using a Given Neutral Gas Temperature Field,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 69, No. 4-5, 2007, pp. 552-568. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2006.10.005

[14] I. V. Mingalev, O. V. Mingalev and V. S. Mingalev, “Model Simulation of Global Circulation in the Middle Atmosphere for January Conditions”, Advances in Geosciences, Vol. 15, No. 4, 2008, pp. 11-16. doi:10.5194/adgeo-15-11-2008

[15] I. V. Mingalev, V. S. Mingalev and G. I. Mingaleva, “Numerical Simulation of the Global Neutral Wind System of the Earth’s Middle Atmosphere for Different Seasons,” Atmosphere, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2012, pp. 213-228. doi:10.3390/atmos3010213

[16] I. V. Mingalev and V. S. Mingalev, “Numerical Modeling of the Influence of Solar Activity on the Global Circulation in the Earth’s Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere,” International Journal of Geophysics, Vol. 2012, 2012, Article ID: 106035. doi:10.1155/2012/106035

[17] J. M. Picone, A. E. Hedin, D. P. Drob and A. C. Aikin, “NRLMSISE-00 Empirical Model of the Atmosphere: Statistical Comparisons and Scientific Issues,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 107, No. A12, 2002, pp. 1-16. doi:10.1029/2002JA009430

[18] A. M. Obukhov, “Turbulence and Dynamics of Atmosphere,” Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1988.

[1] S. Manabe and D. G. Hahn, “Simulation of Atmospheric Variability,” Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 109, No. 11, 1981, pp. 2260-2286. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1981)109<2260:SOAV>2.0.CO;2

[2] D. Cariolle, A. Lasserre-Bigorry, J.-F. Royer and J.-F. Geleyn, “A General Circulation Model Simulation of the Springtime Antarctic Ozone Decrease and Its Impact on Mid-Latitudes,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 95, No. 2, 1990, pp. 1883-1898. doi:10.1029/JD095iD02p01883

[3] P. J. Rasch and D. L. Williamson, “The Sensitivity of a General Circulation Model Climate to the Moisture Transport Formulation,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 96, No. D7, 1991, pp. 13123-13137. doi:10.1029/91JD01179

[4] H. F. Graf, I. Kirchner, R. Sausen and S. Schubert, “The Impact of Upper-Tropospheric Aerosol on Global Atmospheric Circulation,” Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 10, No. 9, 1992, pp. 698-707.

[5] P. A. Stott and R. S. Harwood, “An implicit time-stepping scheme for chemical species in a Global atmospheric circulation model”, Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 11, 1993, pp. 377-388.

[6] B. Christiansen, A. Guldberg, A. W. Hansen and L. P. Riishojgaard, “On the Response of a Three-Dimensional General Circulation Model to Imposed Changes in the Ozone Distribution,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 102, No. D11, 1997, pp. 13051-13078. doi:10.1029/97JD00529

[7] V. Y. Galin, “Parametrization of Radiative Processes in the DNM Atmospheric Model,” Izvestiya Akademii Nauk, Physics of Atmosphere and Ocean, Vol. 34, No. 3, 1997, pp. 380-389.

[8] A.-L. Gibelin and M. Deque, “Anthropogenic Climate Change over the Mediterranean Region Simulated by a Global Variable Resolution Model,” Climate Dynamics, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2002, pp. 327-339.

[9] M. Mendillo, H. Rishbeth, R. G. Roble and J. Wroten, “Modelling F2-Layer Seasonal Trends and Day-To-Day Variability Driven by Coupling with the Lower Atmosphere,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 64, No. 18, 2002, pp. 1911-1931. doi:10.1016/S1364-6826(02)00193-1

[10] M. J. Harris, N. F. Arnold and A. D. Aylward, “A Study into the Effect of the Diurnal Tide on the Structure of the Background Mesosphere and Thermosphere Using the New Coupled Middle Atmosphere and Thermosphere (CMAT) General Circulation Model,” Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2002, pp. 225-235. doi:10.5194/angeo-20-225-2002

[11] U. Langematz, A. Claussnitzer, K. Matthes and M. Kunze, “The Climate during Maunder Minimum: A Simulation with Freie Universitat Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model (FUB-CMAT),” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 67, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 55-69. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2004.07.017

[12] I. V. Mingalev and V. S. Mingalev, “The Global Circulation Model of the Lower and Middle Atmosphere of the Earth with a Given Temperature Distribution,” Mathematical Modeling, Vol. 17, No. 5, 2005, pp. 24-40.

[13] I. V. Mingalev, V. S. Mingalev and G. I. Mingaleva, “Numerical Simulation of Global Distributions of the Horizontal and Vertical Wind in the Middle Atmosphere Using a Given Neutral Gas Temperature Field,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 69, No. 4-5, 2007, pp. 552-568. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2006.10.005

[14] I. V. Mingalev, O. V. Mingalev and V. S. Mingalev, “Model Simulation of Global Circulation in the Middle Atmosphere for January Conditions”, Advances in Geosciences, Vol. 15, No. 4, 2008, pp. 11-16. doi:10.5194/adgeo-15-11-2008

[15] I. V. Mingalev, V. S. Mingalev and G. I. Mingaleva, “Numerical Simulation of the Global Neutral Wind System of the Earth’s Middle Atmosphere for Different Seasons,” Atmosphere, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2012, pp. 213-228. doi:10.3390/atmos3010213

[16] I. V. Mingalev and V. S. Mingalev, “Numerical Modeling of the Influence of Solar Activity on the Global Circulation in the Earth’s Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere,” International Journal of Geophysics, Vol. 2012, 2012, Article ID: 106035. doi:10.1155/2012/106035

[17] J. M. Picone, A. E. Hedin, D. P. Drob and A. C. Aikin, “NRLMSISE-00 Empirical Model of the Atmosphere: Statistical Comparisons and Scientific Issues,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 107, No. A12, 2002, pp. 1-16. doi:10.1029/2002JA009430

[18] A. M. Obukhov, “Turbulence and Dynamics of Atmosphere,” Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1988.