evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention to improve knowledge and skills in
taking Pap smear conducted by
health staff implementing the program on Early Detection of Cervical Cancer.
Methods: A quasiexperimental, longitudinal
and prospective study, held from October 25 2010 to April 11, 2011 at a
hospital in San Luis Potosi, Mexico. To select groups applied a
non-probabilistic convenience sampling that was composed of 28 people, 15 for
the study group and 13 to the control group. The study group received training
that was divided into three phases in which assessed the knowledge and skills
taking the smear, the control group received conventional training offered by
your workplace. Papanicolaou quality was measured before and after the
intervention. The reference used international classification system Bethesda
2001. For data analysis we used the Student t test. Results: The study group increased knowledge (t = 8.768, p = 0.000) in the management of official
standards, in the anatomy of the lower female genital tract and in the form
of testing. Technical skills (t = 8.639, p = 0.000) also increased in the study
group after the intervention. The control group showed no significant
changes. The quality report of the samples in the study group increased from
60% to 86.7% and in the control group decreased from 92.3% to 84.6%.
Conclusions: The training is effective in improving the knowledge and skills in
taking Pap. Health staff who
received the training improved their
performance and showed more
interest in providing high quality service to women.
Cite this paper
Sandra Olimpia, G. , Víctor Omar, F. , Cuauhtémoc, O. , Julio Alejandro, O. , Darío, G. and Yolanda, T. (2013) Training of health personnel to improve knowledge and skills in taking Pap: Effect of an educational intervention to prevent cervical cancer. Health
, 60-64. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.57A4009
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