ABSTRACT In this paper, we demonstrate the variation of donut-shaped depletion pattern which influenced by multiple primary aberrations. The simulation is base on a common stimulation emission of depletion (STED) system composed by Gaussian laser and vortex phase plate. The simulation results are helpful guidelines for analyzing the aberration of depletion patterns in real situations.
Cite this paper
C. Zhang, K. Wang, J. Bai, Y. Liu and G. Wang, "Simulation Studying Effects of Multiple Primary Aberrations on Donut-shaped Gaussian Beam," Optics and Photonics Journal, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.4236/opj.2013.32B001.
 G. Donnert et al., “Macromolecular-Scale Resolution in Biological Fluorescence Microscopy,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, Vol. 103, August 2006, pp. 11440–11445.
 R. R. Kellner, C. J. Baier, K. I. Willig, S. W. Hell and F. J. Barrantes, “Nanoscale Organization of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Revealed by STED Microscopy,” Neuroscience, Vol. 144, January 2007, pp. 135–143.
 R. Schmidt et al., “Spherical Nanosized Spot Unravels the Interior of Cells,” Nature Methods, Vol. 4, May 2008, pp. 81–86.
 V. Westphal et al., “Video-Rate Far-Field Optical Nanoscopy Dissects Synaptic Vesicle Movement,” Science, Vol. 320,2008, pp. 246–249.
 L. J. Li, R. R. Gattass, E. Gershgoren, H. Hwang and J. T. Fourkas, “Achieving λ/20 Resolution by One-Color Initiation and Deactivation of Polymerization,” Science, Vol. 324, No. 5929, May 2009, pp. 910-913.
 T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman and R. R. Mcleod, “Two-Color Single-Photon Photoinitiation and Photoinhibition for Subdiffraction Photolithography,” Science, Vol. 324, No. 5929, May 2009, pp. 913-917.
 Y. Y. Cao, Z. S. Gan, B. H. Jia, R. A. Evans and M. Gu, “High-Photosensitive Resin for Super-Resolution Direct-Laser-Writing Based on Photoinhibited Polymerization,” Optics Express, Vol. 19, Semptember 2011, pp. 19486-19494.
 X. Hao, C. F. Kuang, T. T. Wang and X. Liu, “Effects of Polarization on the De-excitation Dark Focal Spot in STED Microscopy,” Journal of Optics, Vol. 12, No. 115707, October 2010, pp. 1-8.
 S. H. Deng, L. Liu, Y. Cheng, R. X. Li and Z. Z. Xu, “Effects of Primary Aberrations on the Fluorescence Depletion Patterns of STED Microscopy,” Optics Express, Vol. 18, January 2010, pp. 1657-1666.
 D. P. Biss and T. G. Brown, “Primary Aberrations in Focused Radially Polarized Vortex Beams,” Optics Express, Vol. 12, Feberary 2004, pp. 384–393.
 R. K. Singh, P. Senthikumaran and K. Singh, “Effect of Primary Spherical Aberration on High- Numerical Aperture Focusing of A Laguerre- Gaussian Beam,” Journal of the Optical Society of America, Vol. A25, May 2008, pp. 1307-1318.