Bar-On (2004). Early childhood care and education in Africa: The case of Botswana. Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2, 67-84.
 Bertelsmann Stiftung, B. T. I. (2012). Botswana country report. Guter sloh: Bertelsmann Stiftung.
 Bigala, J., Seboni, M., & Monau, R. (1993). The learning needs of Botswana children in standards one and two. Gaborone: Government Printers.
 Bose, K. (2008). Gaps and remedies of early childhood care and educa tion (ECCE) programs of Botswana. Educational Research and Re views, 3, 77-82.
 Dunne, M., Leach, F., Chilisa, B., Maundeni, T., Tabulawa, R., Kutor, N., Forde, L. D., & Asamoah, A. (2005). Gendered school experiences: The impact of retention and achievement in Botswana and Ghana. London: Department for International Development (DIFD).
 Isenberg, J. P., & Jalongo, M. R. (2003). Major trends and issues in early childhood education. New York: Teachers College Press.
 Jacques, G. (1997). Orphans of the AIDS pandemic: The sub-saharan Africa experience and implications for Botswana. In K. R. Hope (Ed.), AIDS and development in Africa (pp. 93-108). New York: The Haworth Press.
 Kgosipula, S. (2008). Perceptions of low paid employed mothers about their children’s nurturance and development: The case of street vendors in Gaborone. Research project submitted in partial fulfillment of the degree in Social Work. Gaborone: University of Botswana.
 Liebert, R. M., Wicks-Nelson, R., & Kail, R. V. (1986). Developmental psychology. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
 Maundeni, T. (2002). Seen but not heard? Focusing on the needs of children of divorced parents in Botswana. Childhood, 9, 277-302.
 Maundeni, T. (2010). Challenges faced in the implementation of provi sions of the United Nations convention on the rights of the child (CRC) in Botswana. Journal of Social Development in Africa, 25, 59-84. doi:10.4314/jsda.v25i1.54279
 Maundeni, T., & Lopez, L. L. (2005). Concerns about child subject research in Botswana: A Call for establishing structures and guide lines that protect children. African Sociological Review, 9, 153-167.
 Ministry of Education (1977). Education for kagisano. Gaborone: Government Printer.
 Ministry of Education Department of Primary Education (2006) Pre school return. Gaborone.
 Moatshe, B. (2004). The impact of declining donor support on the sustainability of non governmental organizations in Botswana: Insights from some NGO managers in Botswana. Research project submitted in partial fulfillment of the degree in Social Work. University of Botswana.
 Mokomane, Z. (2008). Late marriage and less marriage in Botswana. In T. Maundeni, L. L. Levers, & G. Jacques (Eds.), Changing family systems: A global perspective (pp. 288-311). Gaborone: Bay Publish ing.
 Molokomme (1991). “Children of the fence”: The maintenance of extra-marital children under law and practice in Botswana. Research Report No. 41, University of Leiden.
 Montsi, M. R., Monthe, B. N., & Masale, S. (2001). Gender and HIV/ AIDS: Focus on the girl child. In Report of the 1st National Confer ence on Gender and HIV/AIDS (pp. 105-112).
 Morapedi, J. (1994). Care provided by working Batswana mothers to their children in Botswana. A Project Submitted in Partial Fulfill ment of the BED Nursing Program. Gaborone: University of Bot swana.
 Mukamugambira, P. (2001). Women street vendors and child care in gaborone. Research Project Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Degree in Social Work. Gaborone: University of Botswana.
 Otaala, B. J., Kibria, G., & Mwamwenda, K. (1982). Early childhood education in Botswana: A survey. Gaborone: UNICEF.
 Republic of Botswana (1977). National policy on education. Gaborone: Government Printers.
 Republic of Botswana (2001). Early childhood care and education policy. Gaborone: Government Printers.
 Saluja, G., Early, D. M., & Clifford, R. M. (2002). Early childhood research and practice: Demographic characteristics of early childhood teachers and structural element of early care in the United States. http://ecrp.uiuc.edu/v4n1/saluja.html
 Sekgabo, M. B. (2006). Caregivers as street vendors: Perceptions on quality of care provided to children below 7 years. Research Project Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Degree in Social Work. University of Botswana.
 Taiwo, A. A., & Tyolo, J. B. (2002). The effect of pre-school education on academic performance in primary school: A case study of grade one pupils in Botswana. International Journal of Educational Devel opment, 22, 169-180. doi:10.1016/S0738-0593(01)00020-7
 The Bombay Community Public Trust (2013). Understanding our civic issues: Early childhood care and education.
 UNDP (2011). Gender equality in the public administration: The Case of Botswana. Gaborone: UNDP.
 UNESCO (2000). Facts and figures 2000. Paris: UNESCO, Institute for Statistics.
 UNESCO and Ministry of Education (2009). A report on the analysis of the early childhood care and education policy and programming in Botswana. Gaborone: Ministry of Education.
 UNICEF (2007). A world fit for children mid decade Review: Botswana progress report.