Back
 AJAC  Vol.4 No.7 , July 2013
FTIR-ATR and Multivariate Calibration for the Prediction of Biodiesel Concentration in Petrodiesel Blends
Abstract: The increasing use of petrodiesel-biodiesel fuel blends throughout the world requires fast, economic and efficient analytical techniques that can be used for the quality control of these fuels. In this work, we developed an analytical method for determining the concentration of African palm biodiesel in blends with petrodiesel; the method is based on infrared spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR). To build a prediction model, nineteen petrodiesel-biodiesel blends were prepared in triplicate with biodiesel concentrations for 0%-100% by weight. The blends were analyzed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, the spectral fingerprint data were used to build a prediction model through PLS regression. The optimal number of principal components (PCs), the standard error of calibration (SEC), the standard validation error (SEV), the correlation coefficient of calibration (r Cal) and the validation correlation coefficient (r Val) were used to validate the predictive ability of the model. The results show that the model obtained in this work has a good ability for determining the concentration of African palm biodiesel in petrodiesel-biodiesel blends.
Cite this paper: A. Guerrero, F. Anguebes, M. Castelán, V. Morales, R. García, A. Córdova and J. Zavala, "FTIR-ATR and Multivariate Calibration for the Prediction of Biodiesel Concentration in Petrodiesel Blends," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 4 No. 7, 2013, pp. 343-347. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2013.47043.
References

[1]   R. C. M. Faria, M. J. C. Rezende, C. M. Rezende and A. C. Pinto, “Desenvolvimiento e Validacao de Metodologia de Análise de Misturas Biodiesel: Diesel Utilizando Cromatografía Gaseosa-Espectrometría de Massas,” Quimica Nova, Vol. 30, No. 7, 2007, pp. 1900-1905. doi:10.1590/S0100-40422007000800020

[2]   A. R. Hosseinpoor, M. H. Forouzanfar, M. Yunesian, F. Asghari, K. H. Naieni and D. Farhood, “Air Pollution and Hospitalization Due to Angina Pectoris in Theran,” Environmental Research, Vol. 99, No. 1, 2005, pp. 126-131. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2004.12.004

[3]   L. Ryan, F. Convery and S. Ferreira, “Stimulating the Use of Biofuels in the European Union: Implications for Climate Change Policy,” Energy Police, Vol. 34, No. 17, 2006, pp. 3184-3194. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2005.06.010

[4]   M. Cetin, F. Yüksel and H. Kus, “Emission Characteristics of a Converted Diesel Engine Using Ethanol as Fuel,” Energy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2009, pp. 250-254. doi:10.1016/j.esd.2009.10.001

[5]   M. A. Fazal, A. S. M. A. Haseeb and H. H. Masjuki, “Biodiesel Feasibility Study: An Evaluation of Material Compatibility; Performance; Emission and Engine Durability,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2011, pp. 1314-1324. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.10.004

[6]   J. E. Fargione, R. J. Plevin and J. D. Hill, “The Ecological Impact of Biofuels,” Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Vol. 41, No. 17, 2010, pp. 351-377. doi:10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-102209-144720

[7]   M. Johnston and T. Holloway, “A global Comparison of National Biodiesel Production Potentials,” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 41, No. 32, 2007, pp. 7967-7973. doi:10.1021/es062459k

[8]   G. Knothe, “Determining the Blend Level of Mixtures of Biodiesel with Conventional Diesel Fuel by Fiber-Optic Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, Vol. 78, No. 10, 2001, pp. 1025-1028. doi:10.1007/s11746-001-0382-0

[9]   G. Knothe, “Analyzing Biodiesel: Standar and Other Methods,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, Vol. 83, No. 10, 2006, pp. 823-833. doi:10.1007/s11746-006-5033-y

[10]   M. A. Dubé, S. Zheng, D. D. McClean and K. Morris, “A Comparison of Attenuated Total Reflectance-FTIR Spectroscopy and GPC for Monitoring Biodiesel Production,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, Vol. 81, No. 6, 2004, pp. 599-603. doi:10.1007/s11746-006-0948-x

[11]   G. F. Zagonel, P. Peralta and L. P. Ramos, “Multivariate Monitoring of Soybean Oil Etholysis by FTIR,” Talanta, Vol. 63, No. 4, 2004, pp. 1021-1025. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2004.01.008

[12]   G. F. Ghesti, J. L. Macedo, V. Braga, T. C. P. de Souza, A., C. I. de Souza, V. E. S. Parente, Figueredo, I. S. Resck, J. A. Dias and S. C. L. Dias, “Application of Raman Spectroscopy to Monitor and Quantify Ethyl Ester in Soybean Oil Transesterification,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, Vol. 83, No. 7, 2006, pp. 597-601. doi:10.1007/s11746-006-1244-5

[13]   N. G. Siatis, A. C. Kimabari, C. S. Pappas, P. A. Tarantilis and M. G. Polissiou, “Improvement of Biodiesel Production Based on the Application of Ultrasound: Monitoring of the Procedure by FTIR Spectroscopy,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, Vol. 83, No. 1, 2006, pp. 53-57. doi:10.1007/s11746-006-1175-1

[14]   S. M. Lima, T. Izida, M. S. Figueiredo, L. C. H. Andrade, P. V. Del Ré, N. Jorge, E. Buba and F. Aristone, “Analysis of Biodiesel and Frying Vegetables Oils by Means of FTIR Photoacoustic Spectroscopy,” The European Physical Journal Special Topics, Vol. 153, No. 1, 2008, pp. 535-537. doi:10.1140/epjst/e2008-00502-9

[15]   M. G. Trevisan, C. M. Garcia, U. Schuchardt and R. Poppi, “Evolving Factor Analysis-Based Method for Correcting Monitoring Delay in Different Batch Runs for Use with PLS: On-Line Monitoring of a Transesterification Reaction by ATR-FTIR,” Talanta, Vol. 74, No. 4, 2008, pp. 971-976. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2007.08.004

[16]   F. Anguebes, M. Rangel, M. Castelán, A. Guerrero, J. M. Cervantes, M. Aguilar and W. A. Herrera, “Evaluación de la Transesterificación del Aceite de Canola. Empleo de la Espectroscopía de Infrarrojo con Transformada de Fourier,” Ingeniería Química, Vol. 9, No. 498, 2011, pp. 238-242.

[17]   J. S. Oliveira, R. Montalváo, L. Daher, P. A. Z. Suarez and J. C. Rubim, ”Determination of Methyl Ester Contents in Biodiesel Blends by FTIR-ATR and FTNIR Spectroscopies,” Talanta, Vol. 69, No. 5, 2006, pp. 1278-1284. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2006.01.002

[18]   F. C. C. Oliveira, C. R. R. Brandáo, H. F. Ramalho, L. A. F. Da Costa, P. A. Z. Suarezand J. C. Rubim, “Adulteration of Diesel/Biodiesel Blends by Vegetable Oil as Determined by Fourier Transform (FT) Near Infrared Spectrometry and FT-Raman Spectroscopy,” Analytica Chimica Acta, Vol. 587, No. 2, 2007, pp. 194-199. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2007.01.045

[19]   M. F. Pimentel, G. M. G. Ribeiro, R. S. da Cruz, L. Stragevitch, J. G. A. Pacheco and L. S. G. Teixeira, “Determination of Biodiesel Content When Blended with Mineral Diesel Fuel Using Infrared Spectroscopy and Multivariate Calibration,” Microchemical Journal, Vol. 82, No. 2, 2006, pp. 201-206. doi:10.1016/j.microc.2006.01.019

[20]   M. A. Aliske, G. F. Zagonel, B. J. Costa, W. Veiga and C. Ketzer, “Measurement of Biodiesel Concentration in a Diesel Oil Mixture,” Fuel, Vol. 86, No. 10-11, 2007, pp. 1461-1464. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2006.11.008

[21]   L. L. N. Guarieiro, A. C. Pinto, P. Fernandes de Aguiar and N. M. Ribeiro, “Metodología Analítica para Cuantificar o Teor de Biodiesel na Mistura Biodiesel: Diesel Utilizando Espectroscopia na Regiao do Infravermelho,” Quimica Nova, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2008, pp. 421-426. doi:10.1590/S0100-40422008000200041

[22]   M. Meira, C. M. Quintella, T. M. Ferrer, H. R. Goncalves, A. K. Guimaráes, M. Andrade, P. R. da Costa and L. M. Pepe, “Identificacao de Adulteracao de Biocombustível por Adicao de óleo Residual aoDiesel por Espectrofluorimetria Total 3D e Análise das Componentes Principais,” Quimica Nova, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2011, pp. 621-624. doi:10.1590/S0100-40422011000400013

[23]   M. F. Ferrao, M. de Souza, R. E. Panta, D. Fachini, A. E. Gerbase and L. Marder, “Simultaneous Determination of Quality Parameters of Biodiesel/Diesel Blends Using HATR-FTIR Spectra and PLS, iPLS or siPLS Regressions,” Fuel, Vol. 90, No. 2, 2011, pp. 701-706. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2010.09.016

 
 
Top