Back
 ENG  Vol.5 No.7 , July 2013
A Kinetic Study of Anaerobic Biodegradation of Food and Fruit Residues during Biogas Generation Using Initial Rate Method
Abstract: A kinetic study of biogas production from Urban Solid Waste (USW) generated in Dar es Salaam city (Tanzania) is presented. An experimental bioreactor simulating mesophilic conditions of most USW landfills was developed. The goal of the study was to generate the kinetic order of reaction with respect to biodegradable organic waste and use it to model biogas production from food residues mixed with fruit waste. Anaerobic biodegradation was employed under temperature range of 28℃ - 38℃. The main controls were leachate recirculation and pH adjustments to minimize acid inhibitory effects and accelerate waste biodegradation. The experimental setup comprised of three sets of bioreactors. A biodegradation rate law in differential form was proposed and the numerical values of kinetic order and rate constant were determined using initial rate method as 0.994 and 0.3093 mol0.006·day-1, respectively. Results obtained were consistent with that found in literature and model predictions were in reasonable agreement with experimental data.
Cite this paper: W. Wanasolo, S. Manyele and J. Makunza, "A Kinetic Study of Anaerobic Biodegradation of Food and Fruit Residues during Biogas Generation Using Initial Rate Method," Engineering, Vol. 5 No. 7, 2013, pp. 577-586. doi: 10.4236/eng.2013.57070.
References

[1]   OECD/IEA, “World Energy Outlook, International Energy Agency,” OECD/IEA, Paris, 2006.

[2]   OECD/IEA, “Working Together to Ensure Reliable, Affordable and Clean Energy, International Energy Agency,” 2012,

[3]   P. Weiland, “Biogas Production: Current State and Perspectives,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 85, No. 4, 2010, pp. 849-860. doi:10.1007/s00253-009-2246-7

[4]   D. Elango, M. Pulikesi, P. Baskaralingam, V. Ramamurthi and S. Sivanesan, “Production of Biogas from Municipal Solid Waste with Domestic Sewage,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 141, No. 1, 2007, pp. 301-304. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.07.003

[5]   P. V. Rao, S. S. Baral, R. Dey and S. Mutnuri, “Biogas Generation Potential by Anaerobic Digestion for Sustainable Energy Development in India,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 14, No. 7, 2010, pp. 2086-2094. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.03.031

[6]   P. Sosnowski, A. Wieczorek and S. Ledakowicz, “Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Sewage Sludge and Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Wastes,” Advances in Environmental Research, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2003, pp. 609-616. doi:10.1016/S1093-0191(02)00049-7

[7]   P. Sosnowski, A. Klepacz-Smolka, K. Kaczorek and S. Ledakowicz, “Kinetic Investigations of Methane Co Fermentation of Sewage Sludge and Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Wastes,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 99, No. 13, 2008, pp. 5731-5737. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2007.10.019

[8]   K. Braber, “Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste: A Modern Waste Disposal Option on the Verge of Breakthrough,” Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 9, No. 1-5, 1995, pp. 365-376. doi:10.1016/0961-9534(95)00103-4

[9]   A. Ambulkar and A. Shekdar, “Prospects of Biomethanation Technology in the Indian Context: A Pragmatic Approach,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2004, pp. 111-128. doi:10.1016/S0921-3449(03)00037-5

[10]   Q. Wang, “Aspects of Pretreated Hospital Waste Biodegradation in Landfills,” Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, 2004.

[11]   G. Lastella, C. Testa, G. Cornacchia, M. Notornicola, F. Voltasio and V. K. Sharma, “Anaerobic Digestion of Semi-Solid Organic Waste: Biogas Production and Its Purification,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2002, pp. 63-75. doi:10.1016/S0196-8904(01)00011-5

[12]   F. Garcia-Ochoa, V. Santos, L. Naval, E. Guardiola and B. Lopez, “Kinetic Model for Anaerobic Digestion of Livestock Manure,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Vol. 25, No. 1-2, 1999, pp. 55-60. doi:10.1016/S0141-0229(99)00014-9

[13]   I. Tosun, M. Gonüllü, E. Arslankaya and A. Günay, “Co-Composting Kinetics of Rose Processing Waste with Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 99, No. 14, 2008, pp. 6143-6149. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2007.12.039

[14]   T. Sreekrishnan, S. Kohli and V. Rana, “Enhancement of Biogas Production from Solid Substrates Using Different Techniques—A Review,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 95, No. 1, 2004, pp. 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2004.02.010

[15]   V. Vavilin, S. Rytov, L. Lokshina, S. Pavlostathis and M. Barlaz, “Distributed Model of Solid Waste Anaerobic Digestion: Effects of Leachate Recirculation and pH Adjustment,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol. 81, No. 1, 2003, pp. 66-73. doi:10.1002/bit.10450

[16]   F. G. Pohland, “Sanitary Landfill Stabilization with Leachate Recycle and Residual Treatment, Epa,” Civil Engineering, Vol. 106, No. 6, 1975, pp. 1057-1069

[17]   H. Kirchmann and M. Bernal, “Organic Waste Treatment and C Stabilization Efficiency,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 29, No. 11-12, 1997, pp. 1747-1753. doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(97)00065-5

[18]   C. Paredes, M. Bernal, J. Cegarra and A. Roig, “Bio Degradation of Olive Mill Wastewater Sludge by Its Co-Composting with Agricultural Wastes,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 85, No. 1, 2002, pp. 1-8. doi:10.1016/S0960-8524(02)00078-0

[19]   M. Baptista, F. Antunes, M. S. Goncalves, B. Morvan and A. Silveira, “Composting Kinetics in Full-Scale Mechanical-Biological Treatment Plants,” Waste Management, Vol. 30, 2010, pp. 1908-1921.

[20]   R. K. Dereli, M. E. Ersahin, H. Ozgun, I. Ozturk and A. F. Aydin, “Applicability of Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (Adm1) for a Specific Industrial Wastewater: Opium Alkaloid Effluents,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 165, No. 1, 2010, pp. 89-94. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2010.08.069

[21]   A. Barthakur, M. Bora and H. D. Singh, “Kinetic Model for Substrate Utilization and Methane Production in the Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Feeds,” Biotechnology Progress, Vol. 7, 1991, pp. 369-376. doi:10.1021/bp00010a012

[22]   J. Siles, M. Martin, A. Chica and R. Borja, “Kinetic Modelling of the Anaerobic Digestion of Wastewater Derived from the Pressing of Orange Rind Produced in Orange Juice Manufacturing,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 140, No. 1-3, 2008, pp. 145-156. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2007.09.026

[23]   K. P. Singh, S. Gupta, A. K. Singh and S. Sinha, “Optimizing Adsorption of Crystal Violet Dye from Water by Magnetic Nanocomposite Using Response Surface Modeling Approach,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 186, 2011, pp. 1462-1473.

 
 
Top