How an Effective “Cosmological Constant” May Affect a Minimum Scale Factor, to Avoid a Cosmological Singularity (Breakdown of the First Singularity Theorem)

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References

[1] S. Kauffmann, “ A Self Gravitational Upper Bound on Localized Energy Including That of Virtual Particles and Quantum Fields, Which Yield a Passable Dark Energy Density Estimate.” http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.0426

[2] A. Beckwith, “How Massive Gravitons (and Gravitinos) May Affect and Modify the Fundamental Singularity Theorem (Irrotational Geodestic Singularities from the Raychaudhuri Equation).” http://vixra.org/abs/1304.0147

[3] G. Ellis, R. Maartens and M. A. H. MacCallum, “Relativistic Cosmology,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2012. doi:10.1017/CBO9781139014403

[4] E. Kolb and M. Turner, “The Early Universe,” Westview Press, 1994.

[5] D. K. Park, H. Kim and S. Tamarayan, “Nonvanishing Cosmological Constant of Flat Universe in Brane World Scenarios,” Physics Letters, Vol. B535, 2002, pp. 5-10.
doi:10.1016/S0370-2693(02)01729-X

[6] R. Penrose, “Cycles of Time,” The Bodley Head, London, 2010.