In this paper, an energy efficient inter
cluster coordination protocol developed for the wireless sensor networks has
been proposed. By controlling the topology, longevity and the scalability of
the network can be increased. Clustering sensor node is an effective topology
for the energy constrained networks. So cluster based algorithm has been
developed in which different levels of clusters are considered on the basis of
received signal strength to recognize the distance of the clusters from the BS
(base station) and to determine the number of cluster coordinators to make
routes for the CHs to transmit the data. Based on the investigation of existing
protocols in which cluster heads send data directly to the base station, it is
found that direct transmission by the CHs is not an optimal solution and
dissipates a lot of energy, so in this paper a novel EEICCP (Energy efficient
inter cluster coordination) protocol has been proposed which evenly distributes
the energy load among the sensor nodes and use the multi hop approach for the
CHs. Analytical model of new protocol is projected and the algorithm is implemented
in MATLAB. Moreover, EEICCP has shown remarkable improvement over already
existing LEACH and HCR protocols in terms of reliability and stability. Our
work has also been validated through the simulation results.
Cite this paper
S. Rani, J. Malhotra and R. Talwar, "EEICCP—Energy Efficient Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks," Wireless Sensor Network
, Vol. 5 No. 7, 2013, pp. 127-136. doi: 10.4236/wsn.2013.57016
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