WSN  Vol.5 No.7 , July 2013
EEICCP—Energy Efficient Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
ABSTRACT

In this paper, an energy efficient inter cluster coordination protocol developed for the wireless sensor networks has been proposed. By controlling the topology, longevity and the scalability of the network can be increased. Clustering sensor node is an effective topology for the energy constrained networks. So cluster based algorithm has been developed in which different levels of clusters are considered on the basis of received signal strength to recognize the distance of the clusters from the BS (base station) and to determine the number of cluster coordinators to make routes for the CHs to transmit the data. Based on the investigation of existing protocols in which cluster heads send data directly to the base station, it is found that direct transmission by the CHs is not an optimal solution and dissipates a lot of energy, so in this paper a novel EEICCP (Energy efficient inter cluster coordination) protocol has been proposed which evenly distributes the energy load among the sensor nodes and use the multi hop approach for the CHs. Analytical model of new protocol is projected and the algorithm is implemented in MATLAB. Moreover, EEICCP has shown remarkable improvement over already existing LEACH and HCR protocols in terms of reliability and stability. Our work has also been validated through the simulation results.


Cite this paper
S. Rani, J. Malhotra and R. Talwar, "EEICCP—Energy Efficient Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks," Wireless Sensor Network, Vol. 5 No. 7, 2013, pp. 127-136. doi: 10.4236/wsn.2013.57016.
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