Recently in Nigeria, cultural eutrophication is on the increase in water bodies. Observations from land use around riverine areas are predominantly for farmland and explain the high level of phosphate from runoff during the rainy season. Increased siltation, deforestation, flooding, lumbering activities and other land use perturbation are among the causes of eutrophication. Aquatic animals usually suffer hypoxia and anoxia and the anesthetic quality of water for recreational activities, like swimming, boating and picnic is reduced. The Federal Ministry of environment (FMENV) and River Basin Authority of Nigeria should ensure that all those involved in effluent discharge into water bodies follow the established frame work and existing guidelines. Point source and non-point sources of pollution should be monitored and the adoption of mathematic model which describes the overall nutrient runoff and the catchment model suitable for describing the overall transport of water and nutrient through the river basin should be encouraged as practiced in Poland.
Cite this paper
N. Erhunmwunse, A. Dirisu and A. Ogbeibu, "Managing Eutrophication in Nigeria Inland Waters," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 5 No. 7, 2013, pp. 743-746. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.57075.
 A. L. Val, Paula da., M. N. Silva and V. M. F. Al- meida-Val, “Environmental Eutrophication and Its Effect on the Fish of the Amazon,” Proceeding of the Ninth International Symposium, Capri, 2006, pp. 1-12.
 R. G. Wetzel, “Limnology,” WB Saunder Co, London. 1975, p. 743.
 D. K. Mueller and D. Helser, “Nutrients in the Nation’s Waters—Too Much of a Good Thing,” US Geological Survey Circular 1136. National Water-Quality Assessment Program, 1999.
 C. Neal, H. P. Jarvie, M. Neal, A. J. Love, L. Hill and H. Wickham, “Water Quality of Treated Sewage Effluent in a Rural Area of the Upper Thames Basin, Southern England, and the Impacts of Such Effluents on Riverine Phosphorus Concentrations,” Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 304, No. 1-4, 2005, pp. 103-117.
 D. Harper, “Eutrophication of Freshwaters: Principles, Problems and Restoration,” Chapman and Hall, London, 1992, p. 327. doi:10.1007/978-94-011-3082-0
 N. Okafor, “Aquatic and Waste Microbiology,” Fourth Dimension Publisher Ltd, Enugu, 1985, pp. 43-85.
 I. M. Prescott, J. P. Harley, D. A. Klein, “Microbiology,” 5th Edition, Mc Gray-Hill Inc., New York, 2002, pp. 648-688.
 F. C. Nwanebu, J. N. Ogbuie, R. K. Obi and O. A. Ojioako, “Chemical and Salt Induced Eutrophication Syndrome at Otamiri River, Owerri, Nigeria,” Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, Vol.3, No. 8, 2011, pp. 358-361.
 O. K. Adeyemo, O. A. Adedokun, R. K. Yusuf and E. A. Adeleye, “Seasonal Changes in Physicao-Chemical Parameters and Nutrient Load of River Sediment in Ibadan City, Nigeria,” Global NEST Journal, Vol. 10, No. 3, 2008, pp. 326-336.
 T. Murdoch, M. Cheo and K. O’Laughlin, “Streamkeeper’s Field Guide: Watershed Inventory and Stream Monitoring Methods,” Adopt-A-Stream Foundation, Everett, 2001, p. 297.
 O. K. Adeyemo, “Consequences of Pollution and Degradation of Nigerian Aquatic Environment on Fisheries Resources,” The Environmentalist, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2003, pp. 297-306. doi:10.1023/B:ENVR.0000031357.89548.fb
 T. R. Aggarwal, K. N. Singh and A. K. Gupta, “Impact of Sewage Containing Domestic Water and Heavy Metals on the Chemistry of Varuna River Water,” Pollution Research, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2000, pp. 491-494.
 M. J. Gromiec, “Managing of Eutrophication; Fish Physiology, Toxicology and Water Quality,” Proceeding of the Ninth International Symposium, Capri, 2006, pp. 41-48.
 I. Kanu, O. K. Achi, O. U. Ezeronye and E. C. Anyanwu, “Seasonal Variation in Bacterial Heavy Metal Biosorption in Water Samples from Eziama River near Soap and Brewery Industries and the Environmental Health Implications,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2006, pp. 95-102.
 C. F. Mason, “Biology of Fresh Water Pollution,” 2nd Edition, Longman Scientific and Technical, 1991, p. 351.
 N. Nweze and U. Onyishi, “Phycological Effects of Eutrophication with Fertilizers in Nike Lake, Nigeria,” Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 3 No. 12, 2011, pp. 856-860. doi:10.4236/jwarp.2011.312095
 J. Stirn, “Eutrophication in the Mediterranean Sea: Receiving Capacity and Monitoring of Long-Term Effects,” UNESCO, FAO, UNEP, Rezione Emilia Romagna and University of Bologna, 1987, pp. 131-187.
 F. O. Ekhaise and C. C. Anyansi, “Influence of Breweries Effluent Discharge on the Microbiological and Physiochemical Quality of Ikpoba River, Nigeria,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 4, 2005, pp. 1062-1065.
 C. Lundberg, “Conceptualizing the Baltic Sea Ecosystem: An Interdisciplinary Tool for Environmental Decision Making,” Ambio, Vol. 34, No. 6, 2005, pp. 433-439.
 M. K. Mustapha, “Application of Biomanipulation in Reducing High Algal Biomass in Eutrophicated Shallow Tropical African Reservoirs,” American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2009, pp. 663-666.
 Federal Environmental Protection Agency, “National Interim Guideline and Standards for Industrial Effluents, Gaseous Emission and Hazardous Waste Management in Nigeria,” A Document of National Policy Environment of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Federal Environmental Protection Agency, 1991.
 IMWM, “Controlling Non-Point Sources in Polish Catchments,” Final Report for DANCE/NFOSGW, Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Copenhagen, 2005.
 K. R. Imhoff, “Water Pollution Control Measure and Water Quality Development in the Ruhr Catchment, 1972-1992,” Water Science Technology, Vol. 32, No. 5-6, 1995, pp. 209-216. doi:10.1016/0273-1223(95)00665-6