The Singularities of Gravitational Fields of Static Thin Loop and Double Spheres Reveal the Impossibility of Singularity Black Holes

ABSTRACT

In the classical Newtonian mechanics, the gravity fields of static thin loop and double spheres are two simple but foundational problems. However, in the Einstein’s theory of gravity, they are not simple. In fact, we do not know their solutions up to now. Based on the coordinate transformations of the Kerr and the Kerr-Newman solutions of the Einstein’s equation of gravity field with axial symmetry, the gravity fields of static thin loop and double spheres are obtained. The results indicate that, no matter how much the mass and density are, there are singularities at the central point of thin loop and the contact point of double spheres. What is more, the singularities are completely exposed in vacuum. Space near the surfaces of thin loop and spheres are highly curved, although the gravity fields are very weak. These results are inconsistent with practical experience and completely impossible. By reasonable analogy, black holes with singularity in cosmology and astrophysics are something illusive. Caused by the mathematical description of curved space-time, they do not exist in real world actually. If there are black holes in the universe, they can only be the types of the Newtonian black holes without singularities, rather than the Einstein’s singularity black holes. In order to escape the puzzle of singularity thoroughly, the description of gravity should return to the traditional form of dynamics in flat space. The renormalization of gravity and the unified description of four basic interactions may be possible only based on the frame of flat space-time. Otherwise, theses problems can not be solved forever. Physicists should have a clear understanding about this problem.

Cite this paper

X. Mei, "The Singularities of Gravitational Fields of Static Thin Loop and Double Spheres Reveal the Impossibility of Singularity Black Holes,"*Journal of Modern Physics*, Vol. 4 No. 7, 2013, pp. 974-982. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2013.47131.

X. Mei, "The Singularities of Gravitational Fields of Static Thin Loop and Double Spheres Reveal the Impossibility of Singularity Black Holes,"

References

[1] X. C. Mei, International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 1, 2011, pp. 109-116. doi:10.4236/ijaa.2011.13016

[2] R. E. Schild, et al., The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 132, 2006, p. 420. doi:10.1086/504898

[3] X. Mei and P. Yu, International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 2, 2012, pp. 6-18.

[4] R. P. Kerr, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 11, 1963, pp. 237-238. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.11.237

[5] E. T. Newman, E. Couch, K. Chinnapared, A. Exton, A. Prakash and R. Tarrence, Journal of Mathematical Physics, Vol. 6, 1965, p. 918. doi:10.1063/1.1704351

[6] S. W. Hawking and G. F. R. Eills, The Large Scale Structure of Space Time, 1972.

[1] X. C. Mei, International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 1, 2011, pp. 109-116. doi:10.4236/ijaa.2011.13016

[2] R. E. Schild, et al., The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 132, 2006, p. 420. doi:10.1086/504898

[3] X. Mei and P. Yu, International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 2, 2012, pp. 6-18.

[4] R. P. Kerr, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 11, 1963, pp. 237-238. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.11.237

[5] E. T. Newman, E. Couch, K. Chinnapared, A. Exton, A. Prakash and R. Tarrence, Journal of Mathematical Physics, Vol. 6, 1965, p. 918. doi:10.1063/1.1704351

[6] S. W. Hawking and G. F. R. Eills, The Large Scale Structure of Space Time, 1972.