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 OJAS  Vol.3 No.3 , July 2013
The bactericidal spectrum and virucidal effects of silver nanoparticles against the pathogens in sericulture
Abstract: Silver nanoparticles have mainly been studied for their antimicrobial potential against bacteria, but have also proven to be active against several types of viruses, even against pebrine as well. Methods: Petri dishes and transmission electronic microscope were applied to observe silver nanoparticles against bacteria strains and nuclear polyhedral viruses (NPV) and cytoplasmic polyhedral viruses (CPV). For biological test, 108 CFU/mL NPV with strong pathogenicity, and the NPV samples treated with 1:100 ratio of “Sumerian Silver” for 8 hrs were sprayed on the mulberry leaves, respectively, for silkworm rearing. Conclusion: Silver nanoparticle solution showed a strong bactericidal effect against both G+ and G﹣bacterial pathogenic strains from Bombyx mori and mulberry. Under transmission electronic microscope (TEM), Bacillus sp. Samples showed light particles in the cells when treated with silver nanoparticles, in contrast, untreated samples showed homogeneity contents. Further, NPV particles showed no significant differences between treated and untreated samples, but CPV showed strong effects that almost all CPV were collapsed. For biological test, “Sumerian Silver” treated NPV showed no diseased silkworm but nearly all silkworms were dead with no treatment. It seems like that silver nanoparticles were proved to be more effective against CPV than that of NPV. The significant differences between two antivirus or virucidal mechanism should be greatly aroused the scientific interest.
Cite this paper: Li, W. , Volodymyr, K. , Wang, Y. and Volodymyr, D. (2013) The bactericidal spectrum and virucidal effects of silver nanoparticles against the pathogens in sericulture. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 3, 169-173. doi: 10.4236/ojas.2013.33025.
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