Comparison of Different Models for Estimation of Global Solar Radiation in Jharkhand (India) Region

Affiliation(s)

Department of Electrical Engineering, NIT Jamshedpur, Jamshedpur, India.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT Jamshedpur, Jamshedpur, India..

Department of Electrical Engineering, NIT Jamshedpur, Jamshedpur, India.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT Jamshedpur, Jamshedpur, India..

ABSTRACT

In this paper with the help of different empirical models we have estimated the value of monthly average global solar irradiation for Ranchi (23.3500°N, 85.3300°E), a tropical location. The values of monthly average global solar radiation are calculated using the regression constants in the models (both linear and quadratic) suggested by: Angstrom Prescott, Rietveld, Ogleman, Akinoglu, Glover, Gopinathan and Sangeeta *et al*. All the regression models are investigated, validated and compared. On comparison it was observed that the quadratic models are overall more accurate for calculating the Global Solar Radiation for the Jharkhand region, but the Angstrom-Prescott model as well shows better variance for most of the months. The calculated data from these models is compared with the data provided by MNRE [1]. GSR values are important parameters for designing any Solar Power Systems as the whole solar power generation is directly proportional to the amount of global solar radiation. The calculated and measured data are simulated using MATLAB.

Cite this paper

K. Namrata, S. Sharma and S. Saksena, "Comparison of Different Models for Estimation of Global Solar Radiation in Jharkhand (India) Region,"*Smart Grid and Renewable Energy*, Vol. 4 No. 4, 2013, pp. 348-352. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2013.44041.

K. Namrata, S. Sharma and S. Saksena, "Comparison of Different Models for Estimation of Global Solar Radiation in Jharkhand (India) Region,"

References

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[2] M. Chegaar and A. Chibani, “A Simple Method for Computing Global Solar Radiation,” Renewable Energy Reviews, Chemss, 2000, pp. 111-115.

[3] K. Bakirci, “Correlations for Estimation of Daily Global Solar Radiation with Hours of Bright Sunshine in Turkey,” Energy, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2009, pp. 485-501. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2009.02.005

[4] T. Muneer, S. Younes and S. Munawwar, “Discourses on Solar Radiation Modeling,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2007, pp. 551-602. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2005.05.006

[5] J. A. Duffie and W. A. Beckman, “Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes,” 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 2006.

[6] A. Angstromm, “Solar and Terrestrial Radiation,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 50, No. 210, 1924, pp. 121-126.

[7] J. A. Prescott, “Evaporation from Water Surface in Relation to Solar Radiation,” Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, Vol. 64, 1940, pp. 114-118.

[8] M. R. Rietveld, “A New Method for Estimating the Regression Coefficients in the Formula Relating Solar Radiation to Sunshine,” Agricultural Meteorology, Vol. 19, No. 2-3, 1978, pp. 243-252. doi:10.1016/0002-1571(78)90014-6

[9] H. Ogelman, A, Ecevit and E. Tasdemiroglu, “A New Method for Estimating Solar Radiation from Bright Sunshine Data,” Solar Energy, Vol. 33, No. 6, 1984, pp. 619625. doi:10.1016/0038-092X(84)90018-5

[10] B. G. Akinoglu and A. Ecevit, “A Further Comparison and Discussion of Sunshine Based Models to Estimate Global Solar Radiation,” Solar Energy, Vol. 15, No. 10, 1990, pp. 865-872.

[11] J. Glover and J. D. G. Mc Gulloch, “The Empirical Relation between Solar Radiation and Hours of Sunshine,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 84, No. 360, 1958, pp. 172-175. doi:10.1002/qj.49708436011

[12] K. K. Gopinathan and A. Solar, “A Sunshine Dependent Global Insolation Model for Latitudes between 60N and 70N,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 2, No. 4-5, 1992, pp. 401404. doi:10.1016/0960-1481(92)90073-C

[13] Y. H. Liu, Y. N. Jiang and X. X. Chen, “Evaluation of Three Models for Calculating Daily Global Solar Radiation at Yushu, Tibet,” 2011 International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Communications and Networks (CECNet), Xianning, 16-18 April 2011, pp. 1252-1255.

[14] J. Almorox and C. Hontoria, “Global solar radiation using sunshine duration in Spain,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 45, No. 9-10, 2004, pp. 1529-1535. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2003.08.022

[15] N. A. Elagib and M. G. Mansell, “New Approaches for Estimating Global Solar Radiation across Sudan,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 41, No. 5, 2000, pp. 419-434. doi:10.1016/S0196-8904(99)00123-5

[16] H. S. Li, W. B. Ma, Y. W. Lian and X. L. Wang, “Estimating Daily Global Solar Radiation by Day of Year in China,” Applied Energy, Vol. 87, No. 10, 2010, pp. 30113017. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.03.028

[17] A. Q. Jakhrani, A. K. Othman, A. R. H. Rigit and S. R. Samo, “A Simple Method for the Estimation of Global Solar Radiation from Sunshine Hours and Other Meteorological Parameters,” IEEE ICSET 2010, Kandy, 6-9 December 2010.

[18] B. Y. Liu and R. C. Jordan, “The Interrelationship and Characteristic Distribution of Direct, Diffuse, and Total Solar Radiation,” Solar Energy, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1960, pp. 1-19. doi:10.1016/0038-092X(60)90062-1

[19] M. J. Ahmad and G. N. Tiwari, “Solar Radiation Models: A Review,” International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2010, pp. 271-290.

[20] K. Bakirci, “Correlations for Estimation of Daily Global Solar Radiation with Hours of Bright Sunshine in Turkey,” Energy, Vol. 34, No. 4, 20009, pp. 485-501.

[1] “Solar Radiation Handbook,” Solar Energy Centre, MNRE, 2008.

[2] M. Chegaar and A. Chibani, “A Simple Method for Computing Global Solar Radiation,” Renewable Energy Reviews, Chemss, 2000, pp. 111-115.

[3] K. Bakirci, “Correlations for Estimation of Daily Global Solar Radiation with Hours of Bright Sunshine in Turkey,” Energy, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2009, pp. 485-501. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2009.02.005

[4] T. Muneer, S. Younes and S. Munawwar, “Discourses on Solar Radiation Modeling,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2007, pp. 551-602. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2005.05.006

[5] J. A. Duffie and W. A. Beckman, “Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes,” 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 2006.

[6] A. Angstromm, “Solar and Terrestrial Radiation,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 50, No. 210, 1924, pp. 121-126.

[7] J. A. Prescott, “Evaporation from Water Surface in Relation to Solar Radiation,” Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, Vol. 64, 1940, pp. 114-118.

[8] M. R. Rietveld, “A New Method for Estimating the Regression Coefficients in the Formula Relating Solar Radiation to Sunshine,” Agricultural Meteorology, Vol. 19, No. 2-3, 1978, pp. 243-252. doi:10.1016/0002-1571(78)90014-6

[9] H. Ogelman, A, Ecevit and E. Tasdemiroglu, “A New Method for Estimating Solar Radiation from Bright Sunshine Data,” Solar Energy, Vol. 33, No. 6, 1984, pp. 619625. doi:10.1016/0038-092X(84)90018-5

[10] B. G. Akinoglu and A. Ecevit, “A Further Comparison and Discussion of Sunshine Based Models to Estimate Global Solar Radiation,” Solar Energy, Vol. 15, No. 10, 1990, pp. 865-872.

[11] J. Glover and J. D. G. Mc Gulloch, “The Empirical Relation between Solar Radiation and Hours of Sunshine,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 84, No. 360, 1958, pp. 172-175. doi:10.1002/qj.49708436011

[12] K. K. Gopinathan and A. Solar, “A Sunshine Dependent Global Insolation Model for Latitudes between 60N and 70N,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 2, No. 4-5, 1992, pp. 401404. doi:10.1016/0960-1481(92)90073-C

[13] Y. H. Liu, Y. N. Jiang and X. X. Chen, “Evaluation of Three Models for Calculating Daily Global Solar Radiation at Yushu, Tibet,” 2011 International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Communications and Networks (CECNet), Xianning, 16-18 April 2011, pp. 1252-1255.

[14] J. Almorox and C. Hontoria, “Global solar radiation using sunshine duration in Spain,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 45, No. 9-10, 2004, pp. 1529-1535. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2003.08.022

[15] N. A. Elagib and M. G. Mansell, “New Approaches for Estimating Global Solar Radiation across Sudan,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 41, No. 5, 2000, pp. 419-434. doi:10.1016/S0196-8904(99)00123-5

[16] H. S. Li, W. B. Ma, Y. W. Lian and X. L. Wang, “Estimating Daily Global Solar Radiation by Day of Year in China,” Applied Energy, Vol. 87, No. 10, 2010, pp. 30113017. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.03.028

[17] A. Q. Jakhrani, A. K. Othman, A. R. H. Rigit and S. R. Samo, “A Simple Method for the Estimation of Global Solar Radiation from Sunshine Hours and Other Meteorological Parameters,” IEEE ICSET 2010, Kandy, 6-9 December 2010.

[18] B. Y. Liu and R. C. Jordan, “The Interrelationship and Characteristic Distribution of Direct, Diffuse, and Total Solar Radiation,” Solar Energy, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1960, pp. 1-19. doi:10.1016/0038-092X(60)90062-1

[19] M. J. Ahmad and G. N. Tiwari, “Solar Radiation Models: A Review,” International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2010, pp. 271-290.

[20] K. Bakirci, “Correlations for Estimation of Daily Global Solar Radiation with Hours of Bright Sunshine in Turkey,” Energy, Vol. 34, No. 4, 20009, pp. 485-501.