Abramowitz, A. I. (1985). Economic conditions, presidential popularity, and voting behavior in midterm congressional elections. The Journal of Politics, 47, 31-43. doi:10.2307/2131064
 Beck, N. (1991). Comparing dynamic specifications: The case of presidential approval. In J. A. Stimson (Ed.), Political analysis, Vol. 3 (pp. 51-57). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
 Brace, P., & Hinckley, B. (1991). The structure of presidential approval: Constraints within and across presidencies. The Journal of Politics, 53, 993-1017. doi:10.2307/2131864
 Conley, R. S. (2003). The presidency, congress, and divided government: A postwar assessment. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press.
 Fackler, T., & Lin, T.-M. (1995). Political corruption and presidential election, 1929-1992. Journal of Politics, 57, 971-993.
 Gerhardt, M. J. (2000). The impeachment and acquittal of president William Jefferson Clinton. In M. J. Rozell, & C. Wilcox (Eds.), The Clinton Scandal and the future of American Government (p. 173). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
 Greene, S. (2001). The role of character assessments in presidential approval. American Politics Research, 29, 196-210.
 Kagay, M. R. (1999). Presidential address: Public opinion and polling during presidential scandal and impeachment. Public Opinion Quarterly, 63, 449-463. doi:10.1086/297734
 Lanoue, D. J. (1994). Prospective and retrospective voting in presidential-year elections. Political Research Quarterly, 47, 193-205.
 Lockerbie, B. (1992). Prospective voting in presidential elections: 1956-1988. American Politics Quarterly, 20, 308-325.
 Maurer, P. J. (1999). Media feeding frenzies: Press behavior during two Clinton scandals. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 29, 65-79.
 Mayhew, D. R. (1991). Divided we govern: Party control, lawmaking, and investigations, 1946-1990. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
 Nadeau, R., Niemi, R. G., Fan, D. P., & Amato, T. (1999). Elite economic forecasts, economic news, mass economic judgements, and presidential approval. Journal of Politics, 61, 109-135.
 Norpoth, H. (1996). Presidents and the prospective voter. The Journal of Politics, 58, 776-792. doi:10.2307/2960444
 Olson, K. W. (2003). Watergate: The presidential scandal that shook America. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.
 Parker, S. L. (1995). Toward an understanding of “Rally” effects: Public opinion in the Persian Gulf War. Public Opinion Quarterly, 59, 526-546. doi:10.1086/269492
 Pfiffner, J. P. (1994). The modern presidency. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
 Quirk, P. J. (2000). Scandal time: The Clinton impeachment and the distraction of American politics. In M. J. Rozell, & C. Wilcox (Eds.) The Clinton Scandal and the future of American Government (pp. 760-762). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
 Renshon, S. A. (2002a). The polls: The public’s response to the Clinton scandals, Part 1: Inconsistent theories, contradictory evidence. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 32, 169-184.
 Renshon, S. A. (2002b). The polls: The public’s response to the Clinton scandals, Part 2: Diverse explanations, clearer consequences. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 32, 412-427.
 Sabato, L. J. (1991). Feeding frenzy: How attack journalism has transformed American politics. New York: Free Press.
 Schultz, J. D. (2000). Presidential scandals. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
 Sinclair, B. (2000). Hostile partners: The president, congress, and lawmaking in the partisan 1990s. In J. R. Bond, & R. Fleisher (Eds.), Polarized politics. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
 Williams, R. (2000). Political scandals in the USA. Chicago, IL: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.