The effect of heat shock on certain meiotic parameters
in Drosophila melanogaster was
studied in the cv– v – f region of the X chromosome of females homozygous for the mus309mutation, deficient in DNA double-strand
break repair, or those of wild type. The heat shock in the wild females caused
the frequencies of the single crossovers and double crossovers and all the map
lengths to decrease while crossover interference remained unchanged. In the mus309mutants all
parameters, crossover interference included, remained unchanged despite the
heat shock treatment. However, the mus309mutation had a significant effect on all meiotic parameters both
in the females not given the heat shock and in the heat shocked females with
the exception that the recombination frequency of the v and f markers was the
same in both genotypes in the females not given the heat shock. It seems that
the heat shock treatment has an effect on crossing over which is independent on
the mus309gene and affecting
the occurrence of crossing over itself. On the other hand, the mus309gene has an effect
on crossing over which is independent of the heat shock treatment and affects
some precondition of crossing over. This precondition is probably the choice
between two routes of the repair of double-strand DNA breaks known to be
controlled by the mus309gene. As explained in the discussion, the results are in accordance with the genetic models of interference in
which interference depends on genetic distance between the crossover points,
but in contradiction with physical models where interference is dependent on
physical distance between the crossover points.
Cite this paper
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