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 AJPS  Vol.4 No.6 , June 2013
Responses of Japanese Soybeans to Hypoxic Condition at Rhizosphere Were Different Depending upon Cultivars and Ambient Temperatures
Abstract: To investigate the soybean (Glycine max Merr.) wet endurance, and the affect of the maturity and the ambient temperature to the response, the plantlet in growth stage ranged from R1 to R2 of 8 Japanese soybean cultivars which characterized as various wet endurance in a past report were cultured under hypoxic-hydroponic condition for a month. Two experiments at different periods differed significantly in temperature of air and hydroponic solution, but the oxygenic condition were similar each experiments, as aimed for. And also, control and hypoxia treatments significantly differed in dissolved oxygenic concentration in each experiments. The hypoxic condition at higher temperature induced the reduction of survival of plantlet up to 70%. At higher temperature, the survival rate of late maturity types “Yuzuru” and “Shirotsurunoko” were decreased significantly in hypoxic condition than in control. Similarly, the shoot dry matters of them were also decreased significantly in hypoxia at higher temperature. The tendency of the decreasing in hypoxia was remarkable in the pod dry matter, and the symptoms were shown also at the lower temperature. From these results, soybean’s hypoxic tolerant may be reflected with the wet endurance, the process of hypoxic damages can be divided to sudden death symptom and biomass decreasing, and the mechanisms of hypoxic tolerance might be affected strongly by ambient temperature, and absolutely controlled with the genetic background.
Cite this paper: Y. Jitsuyama, "Responses of Japanese Soybeans to Hypoxic Condition at Rhizosphere Were Different Depending upon Cultivars and Ambient Temperatures," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 6, 2013, pp. 1297-1308. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.46161.
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