IJAA  Vol.3 No.2 A , June 2013
Gravity Caused by TEM Waves Operating on Dipoles in Atoms
Author(s) Hans W. Giertz
ABSTRACT

The study displays the existence of a gravitational singularity in the universe generating synchronized and extremely low frequency plane TEM (transverse electromagnetic) waves. It is proposed that atomic intrinsic electromagnetic fields create resonance with these plane TEM waves, causing atoms to receive and to re-emit synchronized plane TEM waves. The energy flow of synchronized plane TEM waves, travelling in opposite directions between e.g. two atoms, creates mutual force of attraction, i.e. gravity. Consequently, gravity is not an intrinsic atomic feature; however, the result of passive atoms exposed to electromagnetic energy. The study describes how plane TEM waves emitted by the gravitational singularity were measured. The study also displays how gravity from the earth, moon, sun and the gravitational singularity was measured and how gravity was simulated using an electronic device. The present electromagnetic law of gravity is compared with Newtonian geometric law of gravity.


Cite this paper
H. Giertz, "Gravity Caused by TEM Waves Operating on Dipoles in Atoms," International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 39-50. doi: 10.4236/ijaa.2013.32A007.
References
[1]   J. H. Schwarz, “From Superstrings to M Theory,” Physics Reports, Vol. 315, 1999, pp. 107-121. doi:10.1016/S0370-1573(99)00016-2

[2]   O. Aharony and E. Silverstein. “Supercritical stability, transitions, and (pseudo)tachyons,” Physical Review D, Vol. 75, No. 4, 2007. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.75.046003

[3]   B. I. Bleaney and B. Bleaney, “Electricity and Magnetism,” Oxford University Press, London, 1965.

[4]   D. B. Melrose and R. C. McPhedran, “Electromagnetic Processes in Dispersive Media,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991.

[5]   S. S. Afshar, E. Flores, K. F. McDonald and E. Knoesel, “Paradox in Wave-Particle Duality,” Foundations of Physics, Vol. 37, No. 2, 2007, pp. 295-305. doi:10.1007/s10701-006-9102-8

[6]   H. W. Giertz, “Photons Are EM Energy Superpositioned on TEM Waves,” Open Journal of Microphysics, in press, 2013.

[7]   H. W. Giertz, “Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Energy in the Air,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 72, No. 9-10, 2010, pp. 767-773. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.03.022

[8]   J. F. Donoghue, E. Golowich and B. R. Holstein, “Dynamics of the Standard Model,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994.

[9]   S. Braibant, G. Giacomelli and M. Spurio, “Particles and Fundamental Interactions: An Introduction to Particle Physics,” Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, 2009.

[10]   D. C. Backer and R. A. Sramek, “Proper Motion of the Compact, Nonthermal Radio Source in the Galactic Center, Sagittarius A*,” The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 524 No. 2, 1999, pp. 805-815. doi:10.1086/307857

[11]   S. S. Doeleman, et al., “Event-Horizon-Scale Structure in the Supermassive Black Hole Candidate at the Galactic Centre,” Nature, Vol. 455, No. 7209, 2008, pp. 78-80. doi:10.1038/nature07245

[12]   G. Hinshaw, et al., “Three-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Temperature Analysis,” The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 170, No. 2, 2007, pp. 288-334. doi:10.1086/513698

 
 
Top