Performance of a Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power System with STATCOM as a Reactive Power Compensator

ABSTRACT

The paper deals with automatic reactive power control of an isolated wind-diesel hybrid power system. The power is generated by diesel engine and wind turbine as prime movers with electrical power conversion by permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) and permanent-magnet induction generator (PMIG) respectively. The mathematical model of the system developed is based on reactive power flow equations. The paper investigates the dynamic performance of the hybrid system for 1% step increase in reactive power load with 1% step increase in input wind power.

The paper deals with automatic reactive power control of an isolated wind-diesel hybrid power system. The power is generated by diesel engine and wind turbine as prime movers with electrical power conversion by permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) and permanent-magnet induction generator (PMIG) respectively. The mathematical model of the system developed is based on reactive power flow equations. The paper investigates the dynamic performance of the hybrid system for 1% step increase in reactive power load with 1% step increase in input wind power.

KEYWORDS

Permanent-Magnet Induction Generator, Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator, Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power System

Permanent-Magnet Induction Generator, Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator, Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power System

Cite this paper

P. Sharma, T. Bhatti and K. Ramakrishna, "Performance of a Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power System with STATCOM as a Reactive Power Compensator,"*Smart Grid and Renewable Energy*, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2010, pp. 153-159. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2010.13020.

P. Sharma, T. Bhatti and K. Ramakrishna, "Performance of a Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power System with STATCOM as a Reactive Power Compensator,"

References

[1] R. Hunter and G. Elliot, “Wind-Diesel Systems, a Guide to the Technology and Its Implementation,” University Press, Cambridge, 1994.

[2] H. Nacfaire, “Wind-Diesel and Wind Autonomous Energy Systems,” Elsevier Applied Science, London, 1989.

[3] A. A. F. A1-Ademi, “Load-Frequency Control of Stand- Alone Hybrid Power Systems Based on Renewable Energy Sources,” Ph. D Dissertation, Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India, 1996.

[4] O. I. Elgerd, “Electric Energy System Theory: An Introduction,” Tata Mcgraw Hill, New Delhi, India, 1982, pp. 299-361.

[5] T. Fukami, K. Nakagawa, Y. Kanamaru and T. Miyamoto, “A Technique for the Steady-State Analysis of a Grid- Connected Permanent-Magnet Induction Generator,” IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2004, pp. 318-324.

[6] T. Fukami, K. Nakagawa, Y. Kanamaru and T. Miyamoto, “Performance Analysis of the Permanent-Magnet Induc- tion Generator under Unbalanced Grid Voltages,” Translated from Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi, Vol. 126, No. 2, 2006, pp. 1126-1133.

[7] J. F. H. Douglas, “Characteristics of Induction Motors with Permanent-Magnet Excitation,” Trans AIEE (PAS), Vol. l78, 1959, pp. 221-225.

[8] B. Ackermann, “Single Phase Induction Motor with Permanent-Magnet Excitation,” IEEE Transaction on Magnetic, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2000, pp. 3530-3532.

[9] T. Fukami, K. Nakagawa, Y. Kanamaru and T. Miyamoto, “Effects of the Built-in Permanent Magnet Rotor on the Equivalent Circuit Parameters of a Permanent Magnet In-Duction Generator,” IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2007, pp. 798-799.

[10] T. Fukami, K. Nakagawa, R. Hanaoka, S. Takata and T. Miyamoto, “Nonlinear Modeling of a Permanent-Magnet Induction Machine,” Transactions on Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan, Vol. 122, No. 7, 2002, pp.752- 759.

[11] J. H. J. Potgieter, A. N. Lombard, R. J. Wang and M. J. Kamper, “Evaluation of Permanent-Magnet Excited In- Duction Generator for Renewable Energy Applications.” http://research.ee.sun.ac.za/emr/files/u1/Paper29JHJPotgieter.pdf

[12] N. G. Hingorani and L. Gyugyi, “Understanding FACTs: Concepts and technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems,” IEEE Power & Energy Society, New York, 2000.

[13] S. E. Haque, N. H. Malik and W. Shepherd, “Operation of a Fixed Capacitor Thyristor Controlled Reactor (Fc-Tcr) Power Factor Compensator,” IEEE Transaction on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. 104, No. 6, 1985, pp. 1385- 1390.

[14] A. E. Hammad, “Analysis of Power System Stability En-Hancement by Static Var Compensators,” IEEE Transac- tions on Power System, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1986, pp. 222-227.

[15] E. G. Marra, et al., “Self-Excited Induction Generator Controlled by a Vs-Pwm Converter Providing High Power- Factor Current to a Single-Phase Grid,” Proceedings of Industrial Electronics Society Conferences, Aachen, 1998, pp. 703-708.

[16] S. C. Kuo and L. Wang, “Analysis of Voltage Control for a Self-Excited Induction Generator Using a Current- Controlled Voltage Source Inverter (CC-VSI),” IEEE Proceedings of Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 148, No. 5, 2001, pp. 431-438.

[17] R. C. Bansal, “Automatic Reactive Power Control of Iso- lated Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power Systems,” IEEE Tran- sactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 4, 2006, pp. 1116-1126.

[18] B. Kouadri and Y. Tahir, “Power Flow and Transient Stability Modeling of a 12-Pulse Statcom,” Journal of Cybernetic and Informatics, Vol. 7, 2008, pp. 9-25.

[1] R. Hunter and G. Elliot, “Wind-Diesel Systems, a Guide to the Technology and Its Implementation,” University Press, Cambridge, 1994.

[2] H. Nacfaire, “Wind-Diesel and Wind Autonomous Energy Systems,” Elsevier Applied Science, London, 1989.

[3] A. A. F. A1-Ademi, “Load-Frequency Control of Stand- Alone Hybrid Power Systems Based on Renewable Energy Sources,” Ph. D Dissertation, Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India, 1996.

[4] O. I. Elgerd, “Electric Energy System Theory: An Introduction,” Tata Mcgraw Hill, New Delhi, India, 1982, pp. 299-361.

[5] T. Fukami, K. Nakagawa, Y. Kanamaru and T. Miyamoto, “A Technique for the Steady-State Analysis of a Grid- Connected Permanent-Magnet Induction Generator,” IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2004, pp. 318-324.

[6] T. Fukami, K. Nakagawa, Y. Kanamaru and T. Miyamoto, “Performance Analysis of the Permanent-Magnet Induc- tion Generator under Unbalanced Grid Voltages,” Translated from Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi, Vol. 126, No. 2, 2006, pp. 1126-1133.

[7] J. F. H. Douglas, “Characteristics of Induction Motors with Permanent-Magnet Excitation,” Trans AIEE (PAS), Vol. l78, 1959, pp. 221-225.

[8] B. Ackermann, “Single Phase Induction Motor with Permanent-Magnet Excitation,” IEEE Transaction on Magnetic, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2000, pp. 3530-3532.

[9] T. Fukami, K. Nakagawa, Y. Kanamaru and T. Miyamoto, “Effects of the Built-in Permanent Magnet Rotor on the Equivalent Circuit Parameters of a Permanent Magnet In-Duction Generator,” IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2007, pp. 798-799.

[10] T. Fukami, K. Nakagawa, R. Hanaoka, S. Takata and T. Miyamoto, “Nonlinear Modeling of a Permanent-Magnet Induction Machine,” Transactions on Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan, Vol. 122, No. 7, 2002, pp.752- 759.

[11] J. H. J. Potgieter, A. N. Lombard, R. J. Wang and M. J. Kamper, “Evaluation of Permanent-Magnet Excited In- Duction Generator for Renewable Energy Applications.” http://research.ee.sun.ac.za/emr/files/u1/Paper29JHJPotgieter.pdf

[12] N. G. Hingorani and L. Gyugyi, “Understanding FACTs: Concepts and technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems,” IEEE Power & Energy Society, New York, 2000.

[13] S. E. Haque, N. H. Malik and W. Shepherd, “Operation of a Fixed Capacitor Thyristor Controlled Reactor (Fc-Tcr) Power Factor Compensator,” IEEE Transaction on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. 104, No. 6, 1985, pp. 1385- 1390.

[14] A. E. Hammad, “Analysis of Power System Stability En-Hancement by Static Var Compensators,” IEEE Transac- tions on Power System, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1986, pp. 222-227.

[15] E. G. Marra, et al., “Self-Excited Induction Generator Controlled by a Vs-Pwm Converter Providing High Power- Factor Current to a Single-Phase Grid,” Proceedings of Industrial Electronics Society Conferences, Aachen, 1998, pp. 703-708.

[16] S. C. Kuo and L. Wang, “Analysis of Voltage Control for a Self-Excited Induction Generator Using a Current- Controlled Voltage Source Inverter (CC-VSI),” IEEE Proceedings of Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 148, No. 5, 2001, pp. 431-438.

[17] R. C. Bansal, “Automatic Reactive Power Control of Iso- lated Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power Systems,” IEEE Tran- sactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 4, 2006, pp. 1116-1126.

[18] B. Kouadri and Y. Tahir, “Power Flow and Transient Stability Modeling of a 12-Pulse Statcom,” Journal of Cybernetic and Informatics, Vol. 7, 2008, pp. 9-25.