An Approach to Analyse Energy and Exergy Analysis of Thermal Power Plants: A Review

ABSTRACT

In this paper, a thermodynamic analysis of a coal based thermal power plant and gas based cogeneration power plant has been carried out. The energy and exergy analysis has been studies for the different components of both power plants. The paper analyses the information available in the open literature regarding energy and exergy analysis on high temperature power plant has been included. A comprehensive literature review on thermal power plants, especially boiler in coal base thermal power plants and combustion chamber in gas-steam cogeneration has been included. Finally, explaining the procedure of analysis of thermal power plant systems by exegetical approach.

In this paper, a thermodynamic analysis of a coal based thermal power plant and gas based cogeneration power plant has been carried out. The energy and exergy analysis has been studies for the different components of both power plants. The paper analyses the information available in the open literature regarding energy and exergy analysis on high temperature power plant has been included. A comprehensive literature review on thermal power plants, especially boiler in coal base thermal power plants and combustion chamber in gas-steam cogeneration has been included. Finally, explaining the procedure of analysis of thermal power plant systems by exegetical approach.

Cite this paper

V. Reddy, S. Kaushik, S. Tyagi and N. Panwar, "An Approach to Analyse Energy and Exergy Analysis of Thermal Power Plants: A Review,"*Smart Grid and Renewable Energy*, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2010, pp. 143-152. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2010.13019.

V. Reddy, S. Kaushik, S. Tyagi and N. Panwar, "An Approach to Analyse Energy and Exergy Analysis of Thermal Power Plants: A Review,"

References

[1] A. Yunus and A. Michael, “Thermodynamics an Engineering Approach,” Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.

[2] P. K. Nag, “Power Plant Engineering,” Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.

[3] N. Arai, H. Taniguchi, K. Mouri and T. Nakahara, “Exergy Analysis on Combustion and Energy Conversion Processes,” Energy, Vol. 30, No. 2-4, 2005, pp. 111-117.

[4] A. Bejan, “Fundamentals of Exergy Analysis, Entropy Generation Minimization, and the Generation of Flow Architecture,” International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 26, No. 7, 2002, pp. 545-565.

[5] G. Tsatsaronis and M. Park, “On Avoidable and Unavoidable Exergy Destructions and Investment Costs in Thermal Systems,” Energy Conversion & Management, Vol. 43, No. 9-12, 2002, pp. 1259-1270.

[6] T. J. Kotas, “Exergy Criteria of Performance for Thermal Plant: Second of Two Papers on Exergy Techniques in Thermal Plant Analysis,” International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1980, pp. 147-163.

[7] T. Ganapathy, N. Alagumurthi, R. P. Gakkhar and K. Murugesan, “Exergy Analysis of Operating Lignite Fired Thermal Power Plant,” Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2009, pp.123-130.

[8] S. C. Kamate and P. B. Gangavati, “Exergy Analysis of Cogeneration Power Plants in Sugar Industries,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 5-6, 2009, pp. 1187- 1194.

[9] A. Datta, S. Sengupta and S. Duttagupta, “Exergy Analysis of a Coal-Based 210 mw Thermal Power Plant,” International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2007, pp. 14-28.

[10] I. H. Aljundi, “Energy and Exergy Analysis of a Steam Power Plant in Jordan,” Applied Thrmal Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 2-3, 2009, pp. 324-328.

[11] Y. Dai, J. Wang and L. Gao, “Exergy Analyses and Parametric Optimizations for Different Cogeneration Power Plants in Cement Industry,” Applied Energy, Vol. 86, No. 6, 2009, pp. 941-948.

[12] M. A. Rosen, “Energy- and Exergy-Based Comparison of Coal-Fired and Nuclear Steam Power Plants,” Exergy, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2001, pp. 180-192.

[13] I. Dincer and M. A. Rosen, “Effect of Varying Dead-State Properties on Energy and Exergy Analyses of Thermal Systems,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2004, pp. 121-133.

[14] H. Erdem, A. V. Akkaya., A. Dagdas, S. H. Sevilgen, B. Sahin, I. Tek., C. Gungor and S. Atas, “Comparative Energetic and Exergetic Performance Analyses for Coal- Fired Thermal Power Plants in Turkey,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 48, No. 11, 2009, pp. 2179-2186.

[15] A. Vidal, R. Best, R. Rivero and J. Cervantes, “Analysis of a Combined Power and Refrigeration Cycle by the Exergy Method,” Energy, Vol. 31, No. 15, 2006, pp. 3401- 3414.

[16] Y. X. Luo and X. Y. Wang, “Exergy Analysis on Throttle Reduction Efficiency Based on Real Gas Equations,” Energy, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2010, pp. 181-187.

[17] I. Dincer and M. A. Rosen, “Exergy Analysis of Waste Emissions,” International Journal of Energy Reserch, Vol. 23, No. 13, 1999, pp. 1153-1163.

[18] A. Khaliq and S. C. Kaushik, “Thermodynamic Performance Evaluation of Combustion Gas Turbine Cogeneration System with Reheat,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 13, 2004, pp. 1785-1795.

[19] A. Khaliq and S. C. Kaushik, “Second-Law Based Thermodynamic Analysis of Brayton/Rankine Combined Power Cycle with Reheat,” Applied Energy, Vol. 78, No. 2, 2004, pp. 179-197.

[20] G. M. Chen, S. K. Tyagi, Q. Wang and S. C. Kaushik, “A New Thermoeconomic Approach and Parametric Study of an Irreversible Regenerative Brayton Refrigeration Cycle,” International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 29, No. 7, 2006, pp. 1167-1174.

[21] S. C. Kaushik, S. K. Tyagi and M. K. Singhal, “Parametric Study of an Irreversible Regenerative Brayton Cycle with Isothermal Heat Addition,” Energy Conversion & Management, Vol. 44, No. 12, 2003, pp. 2013-2025.

[22] S. M. Zubair and M. A. Habib, “Second-Law-Based Thermodynamic Analysis of Regenerative-Reheat Rankine-Cycle Power Plants,” Energy, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1992, pp. 295-301.

[23] M. Yilmaz, O. N. Sara and S. Karsli, “Performance Evaluation Criteria for Heat Exchangers Based on Second Law Analysis,” Exergy, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2001, pp. 278-294.

[24] L. G. Chen, Y. Li, F. R. Sun and C. Wu, “Power Optimization of Open-Cycle Regenerator Gas-Turbine Power- Plants,” Applied Energy, Vol. 78, No. 2, 2004, pp. 199- 218.

[25] B. V. Reddy and K. Mohamed, “Exergy Analysis of Natural Gas Fired Combined Cycle Power Generation Unit,” International Journal of Exergy, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2007, pp. 180-196.

[26] B.V. Reddy and I. E. Alaefour, “Performance Simulation of a Natural Gas Fired Combined Cycle Power Generation System,” 19th National & 8th ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass transfer conference, Hyderabad, 2008.

[27] J. L. Sohn, T. W. Song, J. H. Kim, T. S. Kim and S. T. Ro, “Exergy-Based Performance Analysis of the Heavy-Duty Gas Turbine in Part-Load Operating Conditions,” Exergy, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2002, pp. 105-112.

[28] C. Koroneos, T. Spachos and N. Moussiopoulos, “Exergy Analysis of Renewable Energy Sources,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2003, pp. 295-310.

[29] A. Khaliq, “Exergy Analysis of Gas Turbine Trigeneration System for Combined Production of Power Heat and Refrigeration,” Refrigeration, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2009, pp. 534-545.

[30] I. S. Ertesvag, H. M. Kvamsdal and O. Bolland, “Exergy Analysis of a Gas-Turbine Combined-Cycle Power Plant with Precombustion Co2 Capture,” Energy, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2009, pp. 5-39.

[31] P. K. Nag and A. V. S. S. K. S. Gupta, “Exergy Analysis of the Kalina Cycle,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 18, No. 6, 1998, pp. 427-439.

[32] A. Franco and A. Russo, “Combined Cycle Plant Efficiency Increase Based on the Optimization of the Heat Recovery Steam Generator Operating Parameters,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 41, No. 9, 2002, pp. 843-859.

[33] E. Bilgen, “Exergetic and Engineering Analyses of Gas Turbine Based Cogeneration Systems,” Energy, Vol. 25, No. 12, 2000, pp. 1215-1229.

[34] I. Dincer, M. A. Rosen and N. L. Minh, “Efficiency Analysis of a Cogeneration and District Energy System,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2005, pp. 147-159.

[35] A. Datta, R. Ganguly and L. Sarkar, “Energy and Exergy Analyses of an Externally Fired Gas Turbine (Efgt) Cycle Integrated with Biomass Gasifier for Distributed Power Generation,” Energy, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2010, pp. 341-350.

[36] D.-C. Sue and C.-C. Chuang, “Engineering Design and Exergy Analyses for Combustion Gas Turbine Based Power Generation System,” Energy, Vol. 29, No. 8, 2004, pp. 1183-1205.

[1] A. Yunus and A. Michael, “Thermodynamics an Engineering Approach,” Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.

[2] P. K. Nag, “Power Plant Engineering,” Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.

[3] N. Arai, H. Taniguchi, K. Mouri and T. Nakahara, “Exergy Analysis on Combustion and Energy Conversion Processes,” Energy, Vol. 30, No. 2-4, 2005, pp. 111-117.

[4] A. Bejan, “Fundamentals of Exergy Analysis, Entropy Generation Minimization, and the Generation of Flow Architecture,” International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 26, No. 7, 2002, pp. 545-565.

[5] G. Tsatsaronis and M. Park, “On Avoidable and Unavoidable Exergy Destructions and Investment Costs in Thermal Systems,” Energy Conversion & Management, Vol. 43, No. 9-12, 2002, pp. 1259-1270.

[6] T. J. Kotas, “Exergy Criteria of Performance for Thermal Plant: Second of Two Papers on Exergy Techniques in Thermal Plant Analysis,” International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1980, pp. 147-163.

[7] T. Ganapathy, N. Alagumurthi, R. P. Gakkhar and K. Murugesan, “Exergy Analysis of Operating Lignite Fired Thermal Power Plant,” Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2009, pp.123-130.

[8] S. C. Kamate and P. B. Gangavati, “Exergy Analysis of Cogeneration Power Plants in Sugar Industries,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 5-6, 2009, pp. 1187- 1194.

[9] A. Datta, S. Sengupta and S. Duttagupta, “Exergy Analysis of a Coal-Based 210 mw Thermal Power Plant,” International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2007, pp. 14-28.

[10] I. H. Aljundi, “Energy and Exergy Analysis of a Steam Power Plant in Jordan,” Applied Thrmal Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 2-3, 2009, pp. 324-328.

[11] Y. Dai, J. Wang and L. Gao, “Exergy Analyses and Parametric Optimizations for Different Cogeneration Power Plants in Cement Industry,” Applied Energy, Vol. 86, No. 6, 2009, pp. 941-948.

[12] M. A. Rosen, “Energy- and Exergy-Based Comparison of Coal-Fired and Nuclear Steam Power Plants,” Exergy, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2001, pp. 180-192.

[13] I. Dincer and M. A. Rosen, “Effect of Varying Dead-State Properties on Energy and Exergy Analyses of Thermal Systems,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2004, pp. 121-133.

[14] H. Erdem, A. V. Akkaya., A. Dagdas, S. H. Sevilgen, B. Sahin, I. Tek., C. Gungor and S. Atas, “Comparative Energetic and Exergetic Performance Analyses for Coal- Fired Thermal Power Plants in Turkey,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 48, No. 11, 2009, pp. 2179-2186.

[15] A. Vidal, R. Best, R. Rivero and J. Cervantes, “Analysis of a Combined Power and Refrigeration Cycle by the Exergy Method,” Energy, Vol. 31, No. 15, 2006, pp. 3401- 3414.

[16] Y. X. Luo and X. Y. Wang, “Exergy Analysis on Throttle Reduction Efficiency Based on Real Gas Equations,” Energy, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2010, pp. 181-187.

[17] I. Dincer and M. A. Rosen, “Exergy Analysis of Waste Emissions,” International Journal of Energy Reserch, Vol. 23, No. 13, 1999, pp. 1153-1163.

[18] A. Khaliq and S. C. Kaushik, “Thermodynamic Performance Evaluation of Combustion Gas Turbine Cogeneration System with Reheat,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 13, 2004, pp. 1785-1795.

[19] A. Khaliq and S. C. Kaushik, “Second-Law Based Thermodynamic Analysis of Brayton/Rankine Combined Power Cycle with Reheat,” Applied Energy, Vol. 78, No. 2, 2004, pp. 179-197.

[20] G. M. Chen, S. K. Tyagi, Q. Wang and S. C. Kaushik, “A New Thermoeconomic Approach and Parametric Study of an Irreversible Regenerative Brayton Refrigeration Cycle,” International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 29, No. 7, 2006, pp. 1167-1174.

[21] S. C. Kaushik, S. K. Tyagi and M. K. Singhal, “Parametric Study of an Irreversible Regenerative Brayton Cycle with Isothermal Heat Addition,” Energy Conversion & Management, Vol. 44, No. 12, 2003, pp. 2013-2025.

[22] S. M. Zubair and M. A. Habib, “Second-Law-Based Thermodynamic Analysis of Regenerative-Reheat Rankine-Cycle Power Plants,” Energy, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1992, pp. 295-301.

[23] M. Yilmaz, O. N. Sara and S. Karsli, “Performance Evaluation Criteria for Heat Exchangers Based on Second Law Analysis,” Exergy, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2001, pp. 278-294.

[24] L. G. Chen, Y. Li, F. R. Sun and C. Wu, “Power Optimization of Open-Cycle Regenerator Gas-Turbine Power- Plants,” Applied Energy, Vol. 78, No. 2, 2004, pp. 199- 218.

[25] B. V. Reddy and K. Mohamed, “Exergy Analysis of Natural Gas Fired Combined Cycle Power Generation Unit,” International Journal of Exergy, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2007, pp. 180-196.

[26] B.V. Reddy and I. E. Alaefour, “Performance Simulation of a Natural Gas Fired Combined Cycle Power Generation System,” 19th National & 8th ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass transfer conference, Hyderabad, 2008.

[27] J. L. Sohn, T. W. Song, J. H. Kim, T. S. Kim and S. T. Ro, “Exergy-Based Performance Analysis of the Heavy-Duty Gas Turbine in Part-Load Operating Conditions,” Exergy, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2002, pp. 105-112.

[28] C. Koroneos, T. Spachos and N. Moussiopoulos, “Exergy Analysis of Renewable Energy Sources,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2003, pp. 295-310.

[29] A. Khaliq, “Exergy Analysis of Gas Turbine Trigeneration System for Combined Production of Power Heat and Refrigeration,” Refrigeration, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2009, pp. 534-545.

[30] I. S. Ertesvag, H. M. Kvamsdal and O. Bolland, “Exergy Analysis of a Gas-Turbine Combined-Cycle Power Plant with Precombustion Co2 Capture,” Energy, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2009, pp. 5-39.

[31] P. K. Nag and A. V. S. S. K. S. Gupta, “Exergy Analysis of the Kalina Cycle,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 18, No. 6, 1998, pp. 427-439.

[32] A. Franco and A. Russo, “Combined Cycle Plant Efficiency Increase Based on the Optimization of the Heat Recovery Steam Generator Operating Parameters,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 41, No. 9, 2002, pp. 843-859.

[33] E. Bilgen, “Exergetic and Engineering Analyses of Gas Turbine Based Cogeneration Systems,” Energy, Vol. 25, No. 12, 2000, pp. 1215-1229.

[34] I. Dincer, M. A. Rosen and N. L. Minh, “Efficiency Analysis of a Cogeneration and District Energy System,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2005, pp. 147-159.

[35] A. Datta, R. Ganguly and L. Sarkar, “Energy and Exergy Analyses of an Externally Fired Gas Turbine (Efgt) Cycle Integrated with Biomass Gasifier for Distributed Power Generation,” Energy, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2010, pp. 341-350.

[36] D.-C. Sue and C.-C. Chuang, “Engineering Design and Exergy Analyses for Combustion Gas Turbine Based Power Generation System,” Energy, Vol. 29, No. 8, 2004, pp. 1183-1205.