WJNST  Vol.3 No.2 A , June 2013
Fukushima Plutonium Effect and Blow-Up Regimes in Neutron-Multiplying Media
ABSTRACT

It is shown that the capture and fission cross-sections of 238U and 239Pu increase with temperature within 1000 K - 3000 K range, in contrast to those of 235U, that under certain conditions may lead to the so-called blow-up modes, stimulating the anomalous neutron flux and nuclear fuel temperature growth. Some features of the blow-up regimes in neutronmultiplying media are discussed.


Cite this paper
V. Rusov, V. Tarasov, V. Vaschenko, E. Linnik, T. Zelentsova, M. Beglaryan, S. Chernegenko, S. Kosenko, P. Molchinikolov, V. Smolyar and E. Grechan, "Fukushima Plutonium Effect and Blow-Up Regimes in Neutron-Multiplying Media," World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 9-18. doi: 10.4236/wjnst.2013.32A002.
References
[1]   V. F. Ukraintsev, “Reactivity Effects in Energetic Installations (in Russian),” Handbook, Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering, Obninsk, 2000.

[2]   L. P. Feoktistov, “Neutron-Fissio Wave,” Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Vol. 309, No. 1, 1989, pp. 4-7.

[3]   E. Teller, M. Ishikawa, L. Wood, R. Hyde and J. Nuckolls, “Completely Automated Nuclear Reactors for LongTerm Operation Ii: Toward a Concept-Level Point-Design of a High-Temperature, Gas-Cooled Central Power Station System, Part ii,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems, ICENES’96, Obninsk, 1996, pp. 123-127.

[4]   T. S. Akhromeeva, S. P. Kurdyumov, G. G. Malinetskii and A. A. Samarskii, “Non-Stationary Structures and Diffusive Chaos (in Russian),” Nauka, Moscow, 1992.

[5]   A. A. Samarskii, V. A. Galaktionov, S. P. Kurdyumov and A. P. Mikhailov, “Blow-Up in Quasilinear Parabolic Equations,” Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 1995. doi:10.1515/9783110889864

[6]   “Blow-Up Modes. Evolution of the Idea. The Laws of Co-Evolution of Complex Systems,” Nauka, Moscow, 1999.

[7]   S. P. Kurdyumov, “Blow-Up Modes,” Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2006.

[8]   E. N. Knyazeva and S. P. Kurdyumov, “Synergetics: Nonlinearity of Time and Landscape of Co-Evolution,” KomKniga, Moscow, 2007.

[9]   V. D. Rusov, V. A. Tarasov and S. A. Chernegenko, “BlowUp Modes in Uranium-Plutonium Fissil Medium in Technical Nuclear Reactors and Georeactor (in Russian),” Problems of Atomic Science and Technology, Vol. 97, 2011, pp. 123-131.

[10]   D. M. Skorov, Y. F. Bychkov and A. I. Dashkovskii, “Reactor Material Science (in Russian),” Atomizdat, Moscow, 1979.

[11]   B. A. Nadykto, “Plutonium. Fundamental Problems (in Russian),” RFNC-Arepri, Sarov, 2003.

[12]   G. G. Bartolomey, G. ABat’, V. D. Babaykov and M. S. Altukhov, “Basic Theory and Methods of Nuclear Power Installations Calculation,” Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1989.

[13]   “ENSDF/B-VI,” Los Alamos National Laboratory, 1998.

[14]   V. N. Pavlovich, V. N Khotyaintsev and E. N. Khotyaintseva, “Physical Basics of the Nuclear Burning Wave Reactor. 2. Specifc Imodels,” Nuclear Physics and Energetics, Vol. 3, 2008, pp. 39-48.

[15]   R. Hyde, M. Ishikawa, N. Myhrvold, J. Nuckolls and L. Wood, “Nuclear Fission Power for 21st Century Needs: Enabling Technologies for Large-Scale, Lowrisk, Affordable Nuclear Electricity,” Progress in Nuclear Energy, Vol. 50, No. 2-6, 2008, pp. 82-91. doi:10.1016/j.pnucene.2007.10.027

[16]   S. V. Shirokov. “Nuclear Reactor Physics (in Russian),” Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 1992.

[17]   N. D. Fedorov, “Short Reference Book for EngineerPhysicist. Nuclear Physics and Atomic Physics (in Russian),” State Publishing Company for Atomic Science and Technology Literature, Moscow, 1961.

[18]   V. I. Vladimirov, “Practical Problems Onnuclear Reactors Operation (in Russian),” Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1986.

[19]   V. D. Rusov, E. P. Linnik, V. A. Tarasov, T. N. Zelentsova, I. V. Sharph, V. N. Vaschenko, S. I. Kosenko, M. E. Beglaryan, S. A. Chernezhenko, P. A. Molchinikolov, S. I. Saulenko and O. A. Byegunova, “Traveling Wave Reactor and Condition of Existence of Nuclear Burning Soliton-Like Wave in Neutron-Multiplying Media,” Energies, Vol. 4, No. 9, 2011, pp. 1337-1361. http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/4/9/1337 doi:10.3390/en4091337

[20]   V. N. Pavlovich, V. N Khotyaintsev and E. N. Khotyaintseva, “Nuclear Burning Wave Reactor: Wave Parameter Control,” Nuclear Physics and Energetics, Vol. 11, 2010, pp. 49-56.

[21]   V. N. Pavlovich, V. N Khotyaintsev and E. N. Khotyaintseva, “Physical Basics of the Nuclear Burning Wave Reactor. 1,” Nuclear Physics and Energetics, Vol. 2, 2008, pp. 39-48.

[22]   A. A. SamarskiI and A. V. Gulin, “Numerical Methods in Mathematical Physics (in Russian),” Nauchnyimir, Moscow, 2003.

[23]   G. H. Kinchin and R. S. Pease, “Displacement of Atoms in Solid by Radiation,” Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 18, No. 4, 1955, pp. 590-615.

[24]   B. V. Ershler and F. S. Lapteva, “The Evaporation of Metals by Fission Fragments,” Journal of Nuclear Energy, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1954, pp. 471-474. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/089139195790075X. doi:10.1016/0891-3919(57)90075-X

[25]   I. M. Lifshits, M. I. Kaganov and L. V. Tanatarov, “On the Theory of the Changes Produced in Metals by Radiation,” The Soviet Journal of Atomic Energy, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1960, pp. 261-270. doi:10.1007/BF01479732

[26]   V. N. Zharkov, “The inner structure of Earth and planets,” Nauka, Moscow, 1983.

[27]   V. D. Rusov, T. N. Zelentsova, V. A. Tarasov and D. A. Litvinov, “Inverse Problem of Remote Neutrino Diagnostics of Intrareactor Processes,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 96, No. 3, 2004, pp. 1734-1739. doi:10.1063/1.1737803

[28]   V. D. Rusov, V. N. Pavlovich, V. N. Vaschenko, V. A. Tarasov, T. N. Zelentsova, V. N. Bolshakov, D. A. Litvinov, S. I. Kosenko and O. A. Byegunova, “Geoantineutrino Spectrum and Slow Nuclear Burning on the Boundary of the Liquid and Solid Phases of the Earth’s Core,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 112, No. B9, 2007, in press. doi:10.1029/2005JB004212

[29]   V. D. Rusov, V. A. Tarasov and D. A. Litvinov, “Reactor Antineutrino Physics (in Russian),” URSS, Moscow, 2008.

 
 
Top