Why the Expansion of the Universe Appears to Accelerate

Author(s)
Paul Smeulders

ABSTRACT

A Speed of Light falling over time inversely proportional to the expansion of the Universe leads to an experimentally observed exponential changing of the Red Shift over time. It is necessary to re-define the Angular Impulse Momentum in order to get a consistent expansion of space on all levels. Conservation of Energy and this newly defined Angular Impulse Momentum then leads to the requirement that all clocks slow down in time inversely proportional to the Red Shift, independent of whether the Speed of Light is constant or not. From the Lorentz equation it then follows that Expansion occurs over space-time and not over space alone. A steady state expansion in true time is then transformed into an exponential expansion for an observer with a local clock. A finite lifetime of the Universe is transformed to an infinite lifetime for these observers including elementary particles.

Cite this paper

P. Smeulders, "Why the Expansion of the Universe Appears to Accelerate,"*Journal of Modern Physics*, Vol. 4 No. 6, 2013, pp. 780-783. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2013.46107.

P. Smeulders, "Why the Expansion of the Universe Appears to Accelerate,"

References

[1] P. Smeulders, Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 3, 2012, pp. 345-349. doi:10.4236/jmp.2012.34047

[2] A. Riess, et al., Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 659, 2007, pp. 98-121. doi:10.1086/510378

[3] R. Bouwens, et al., Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 611, 2004, pp. L1-L4. doi:10.1086/423786

[4] A. Alfonso-Faus, “Variación de las Constantes Físicas con el Tiempo Cosmológico,” Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, XII Edición de Los Encuentros Relativistas Espanoles (ERE), Tenerife, 1987.

[1] P. Smeulders, Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 3, 2012, pp. 345-349. doi:10.4236/jmp.2012.34047

[2] A. Riess, et al., Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 659, 2007, pp. 98-121. doi:10.1086/510378

[3] R. Bouwens, et al., Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 611, 2004, pp. L1-L4. doi:10.1086/423786

[4] A. Alfonso-Faus, “Variación de las Constantes Físicas con el Tiempo Cosmológico,” Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, XII Edición de Los Encuentros Relativistas Espanoles (ERE), Tenerife, 1987.