The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) poses a major
public health challenge throughout the world. It is a major healthcare issue
among the elderly. This study was to identify the association between the health
promoting behaviors and the diabetic control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)
patients. Methods: Cross sectional
and descriptive research designs were used in this study. Participants were enrolled
from three medical centers in northern,
central and southern Taiwan during August, 2010 and June, 2011. The
instruments encompassed biochemical indicators, and the preliminary developed
scale of diabetes mellitus and health promotion (DMHP). Results: A total of 323 participants with T2DM were included in this
study. The results showed 1) a high percentage of the participants used
cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking and betel nut chewing, which were not conducive to adopting health promoting
behaviors; 2) a high percentage of patients showed abnormal blood glucose,
dyslipidemia, and elevated blood pressure; 3) few of the participants practiced
ideally health promoting behaviors; and 4) practicing health-promoting behavior
was positively associated with fasting blood glucose (FBG) and HbA1c levels. Conclusions: Patients with higher
health promotion scores had better diabetic control. Less physical activity was
found among those addicted to cigarette, alcohol and betel nut consumption. The findings suggest that health care providers should assess health promoting behaviors first for each diabetic patient.
Cite this paper
Chen, C. , Peng, Y. , Weng, H. , Yen, H. and Chen, M. (2013) Health-promoting behavior is positively associated with diabetic control among type 2 diabetes patients. Open Journal of Nursing
, 274-280. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2013.32037
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