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 OJPed  Vol.3 No.2 , June 2013
Impediments to clinical diagnosis and management of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in Ilorin, Nigeria
Abstract: Background: To report the impediments to the diagnosis and management of children with JuvenileOnset Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis as seen in a teaching hospital in West Africa. Methods: Retrospectively analysed study of participants requiring surgical intervention for histologically confirmed juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis managed at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin over a 10-year period (2002-2011) using prospectively collated database. Results: Juvenile-Onset Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis constituted 8.8% of 307 laryngeal pathologies seen during the study period. 18 (66.7%) were males and 9 (33.3%) females with a sex ratio (M:F) of 2:1. Age ranged from 1 year 4 months to 12 years with a mean age of 6.1 years (SD = 2.78), with the 6 - 10 age group constituting the largest categories in 51.9% of patients seen. Patients from low socioeconomic class constituted slightly over half of the patients studied (51.9%). 55.5% of the patients presented late (>13 months). All patients presented with hoarseness, stridor and difficulty in breathing. Misdiagnosis made by the referring clinician included Asthma, Laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis, Foreign body aspiration and Laryngomalacia. Involvement of the glottis occurred in 70.4% of cases seen, while bilateral involvement was present in 91.3% of cases operated. Recurrence was seen in 63.0% of the patients and the best attendance at follow-up clinic was during the first three months post surgical extirpation. Emergency tracheostomy was done to relieve airway obstruction in 17 (63.0%) patients. Conclusion: Impediments to diagnosis and management of JORRP are multifactorial. Misdiagnosis, late presentation and poor follow-up clinic attendance of patients with JORRP is still a common occurrence among the physicians. Recommendations on how to improve management and outcome of JORRP were made.
Cite this paper: Adebola, S. and Dunmade, A. (2013) Impediments to clinical diagnosis and management of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in Ilorin, Nigeria. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 3, 127-132. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2013.32023.
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