ABB  Vol.4 No.6 A , June 2013
Attenuation of nicotine-evoked Ca2+ influx by antibody to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor α3 subunits in human embryonic kidney cells
ABSTRACT

Autoantibody against neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) α3 subunit is implicated in severe autonomic dysfunction in the patients with autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG). Although this autoantibody has been revealed to impair fast excitatory synaptic transmission in autonomic ganglia, its precise mechanism remains unknown. Here, we show that antibody-induced reduction of cell-surface α3 subunits result in impairment of nicotine-evoked Ca2+ influx in stably transfected human embryonic kidney cells. These effects of the antibody were remarkably inhibited by interfering with the endocytic machinery at low-temperature. We conclude that reduction of nAChR in autonomic ganglia can be mediated by the endocytosis of α3 subunits, and resulted in autonomic failure in AAG patients.


Cite this paper
Kobayashi, S. , Yokoyama, S. , Maruta, T. , Muroyama, A. , Yoshikawa, H. and Mitsumoto, Y. (2013) Attenuation of nicotine-evoked Ca2+ influx by antibody to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor α3 subunits in human embryonic kidney cells. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 4, 9-14. doi: 10.4236/abb.2013.46A002.
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