PSYCH  Vol.4 No.6 , June 2013
Can Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) Be Used in China?
ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of PSDQ (Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire, PSDQ). Method: 443 parents of children aged 6 to 16 who lived in Chongqing were selected. .52 of them were retested 6 weeks later in order to assess the retest reliability. Determination of reliability included: internal consistency: to calculate Cronbach coefficient; coefficient of retest reliability: to calculate person correlation of results in every subscale in twice measurements of 52 parents. Determination of validity: content validity, structural validity, confirmatory factor analysis. Results: For each subscale and factor, the values of kappa for inter-rater reliability were between .625 and .884 (p < .05); the values of retest reliability were between .537 and .832 (p < .05); The scores of the subscale of PSDQ were correlated with each factor significantly (coefficient of correlation: .732 - .951, p < .05), and the correlation coefficient was more than those between each factor of this subscale (correlation coefficient: .382 - .834, p < .05). The confirmatory factor analysis of PSDQ showed the result met the criteria standard for adequacy of fit. (CMIN/df: 2.218 - 3.745; TLI: .808 - .920; RMSEA: .052 - .079; MECVI of default model was very close to that of saturated model, most of proliferation index were more than .8). Conclusion: Parenting Style and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ), in line with requirements of psychometric, had good reliability and validity and was useful as a tool to evalua


Cite this paper
Fu, Y. , Hou, X. , Qin, Q. , Meng, H. , Xie, P. , Huang, Y. , Ma, X. , Deng, W. , Luo, Q. , Wang, Y. , Hu, H. , Du, L. , Qiu, H. , Qiu, T. & Li, T. (2013). Can Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) Be Used in China?. Psychology, 4, 535-540. doi: 10.4236/psych.2013.46076.
References
[1]   Baumrind, D. (1991). Effective parenting during the early adolescent transition (pp. 115-120). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

[2]   Bi, Y, Wang, J. P., Yang, Z. H., & Wang, Y. L. (2007). The effect of behavioral inhibition and parenting styles on adolescent’s anxiety. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 15, 97-100.

[3]   Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1995). Construction validity: Basic issues in objective scale development. Psychological Assessment, 3, 309-319. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.7.3.309

[4]   Gliner, J. A., Morgan, G. A., & Harmon, R. J. (2001). Measurement reliability. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 486-488. doi:10.1097/00004583-200104000-00019

[5]   Gotay, C. C., Blaine, D., Haynes, S. N., Holup, J., & Pagano, I. S. (2002). Assessment of quality of life in a multicultural cancer patient population. Psychological Assessment, 14, 439-450. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.14.4.439

[6]   Gustavsson, J. P., Bergan, H., Edman, G., Ekselius, L., Knorring, L. V., & Linder, J. (2000). Swedish universities scales of personality (ssp): Construction, internal consistency and normative data. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 102, 217-225. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0447.2000.102003217.x

[7]   Guo, Q., Wang, W., Chen, X., & Han, D. (2007). Judgment of model fitness in confirmatory factor analysis. Exploration of Psychology, 27, 83-87

[8]   Huang, G. (2002). Educational measurement and evaluation (pp. 173-182). Shanghai: East China Normal University Press.

[9]   Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1998). Fit indices in covariance structure analysis: Sensitivity to under parameterized model misspecification. Psychological Methods, 3, 424-453. doi:10.1037/1082-989X.3.4.424

[10]   Nadien, M. B. (1993). Children’s psychosocial development—From birth to early youth. Beijing: People’s Education Press.

[11]   Robinson, C. C., Mandleco, B., & Olsen, S. F. (2001). The parenting styles and dimension questionnaire (PSDQ). In B. F. Perlmutter, J. Touliatos, & G. W. Holden (Eds.), Handbook of family measurement techniques: 3 (pp. 319-321). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

[12]   Sivo, S. A., Fan, X., Witta, E. L., & Willse, J. T. (2006). The search for “optima1” cutoff properties: Fit index criteria in structural equation modeling. The Journal of Experimental Education, 74, 267-288. doi:10.3200/JEXE.74.3.267-288

[13]   Taosa, L. L. (1994). 3 -6 years old children’s mother’s education style and the influence factors. Psychological Development and Education, 3, 40-46.

[14]   Wang, T., & Yuan, J. (2008). 197 college students’ time management disposition and parenting styles. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 22, 429-432.

[15]   Xia, M., & Liu, W. (2004). New research development on the interaction between children’s temperament and parenting. Journal of Dalian University of Technology (Social Science Edition), 25, 65-69.

[16]   Yue, D. M., Li, M. L., Jin, K. H., & Ding, B. K. (1993). Parenting style: Preliminary revision of EMBU and its application in neurosis patients. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 7, 97-100.

 
 
Top