AJAC  Vol.1 No.3 , November 2010
Square Wave Voltammetry for Analytical Determination of Cadmium in Natural Water Using Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2-Modified Platinum Electrode
Abstract: This paper reports on the development of a novel electrochemical assay for cadmium (II) in natural water, which involves the use of disposable hydroxyapatite modified platinum electrode (HAP/Pt). Cadmium (II) was preconcentrated on the surface of the modified electrode and adsorbed onto HAP and oxidized at E = –680 mV. The HAP-modified platinum electrode exhibited superior performance in comparison to the plati- num electrode and surprisingly, yielded a higher electrochemical response. The best defined anodic peak was obtained with 0.2 mol L-1 KNO3 pH 5.0 after 25 min of accumulation time. Using these conditions, the cali- bration plot was linear over the range 1 × 10?8 to 5 × 10?6 mol L-1 Cd2+. The precision was examined by car- rying out eight replicate measurements at a concentration of 2.5 ×10?5 mol L-1; the coefficient of variation was 2.9%. The method was applied to the determination of the analyte in river water samples. The interfere- ence of other metal ions on the voltammetric response of Cd(II) was studied. The HAP films was clearly ob- served in the SEM images and characterized by X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy and chemical analysis.
Cite this paper: nullM. Mhammedi, M. Achak and M. Bakasse, "Square Wave Voltammetry for Analytical Determination of Cadmium in Natural Water Using Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2-Modified Platinum Electrode," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2010, pp. 150-158. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2010.13019.

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