AJC  Vol.1 No.2 , June 2013
Political Movements and Changing Media Environments
Abstract: In the last few decades the media has played a vital role in liberating colonized nations and those under autocratic forms of governance. The oppression of the state leads to the creation of alternative forms of representation; the literature that comes out of the oppressive regimes not only highlights the facts that exist in society but also encourages the people to participate in the resistance. The printing press of Gutenberg was put into use by the revolutionaries in the French revolution, giving a new role and direction to the media. The various political and social movements that happened after the Indian independence in various parts of the country have indeed helped the growth of media, specially the non-Hindi and English print media during the emergency period. Today the political and social movements are once again increasingly vulnerable to the political, religious and corporate groups. People continue to resist the oppression of the state and express their concerns from alternative sites of media, especially with the New Media. However, we are again entering a phase in human history when knowledge and information are in the process of being monopolized.
Cite this paper: Nagraj, A. (2013). Political Movements and Changing Media Environments. Advances in Journalism and Communication, 1, 13-17. doi: 10.4236/ajc.2013.12002.

[1]   Douglas, K. (2013). Habermas, the public sphere, and democracy: A critical intervention.

[2]   Jeffrey, R. (1987). Culture of daily newspapers in India: How it’s grown, what it Means. Economic and Political Weekly, 22, 607-611.

[3]   McLuhan, M. (1964). Understanding media: The extensions of man. New York: McGraw-Hill

[4]   One-billion-rising URL (last checked 21 February, 2013).

[5]   Ram, N. (2011). The changing role of the news media in contemporary India. Indian History Congress 72nd Session Punjabi University, 10-13 December 2011.

[6]   Roy, G. (2010). This way to the egress outlook magazine (1 November Issue 2010).

[7]   Sir Evans, H. (2010). Press, the neuralgic nerve’ outlook magazine (1 November 1 Issue 2010).

[8]   Sumir, L. (2010). Why I quit the media’ outlook magazine (1 November 1 Issue 2010).

[9]   Vinton, C. (2013). Father of the internet: Why we must fight for its freedom.