S. C. Kalichman and K. J. Sikkema, “People Living with HIV Infection Who Attend and Do Not Attend Support Groups: A Pilot Study of Needs, Characteristics and Experiences,” AIDS Care, Vol. 8, No. 5, 1996, pp. 589-600. doi:10.1080/09540129650125542
 R. Spirig, “Support Groups for People Living with HIV/ AIDS: A Review of Literature,” Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, Vol. 9, No. 4, 1998, pp. 43-55. doi:10.1016/S1055-3290(98)80044-7
 N. VanDevanter, N. S. Parikh, R. M. Cohall, C. Merzel, N. Faber, et al., “Factors Influencing Participation in Weekly Support Groups among Women Completing an HIV/ STD Intervention Program,” Women & Health, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2000, pp. 15-34. doi:10.1300/J013v30n01_02
 M. J. Visser and J. P. Mundell, “Establishing Support groups for HIV-Infected Women: Using Experiences to Develop Guiding Principles for Project Implementation,” SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2008, pp. 65-73. doi:10.1080/17290376.2008.9724903
 M. Visser, J. Mundell, A. de Villiers, K. Sikkema and B. Jeffery, “Development of Structured Support Groups for HIV-Positive Women in South Africa,” SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2005, pp. 333-343.
 S. Kalichman, D. Rompa and M. Cage, “Group Intervention to Reduce HIV Transmission Risk Behavior among Persons Living with HIV-AIDS,” Behavior Modification, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2005, pp. 256-285. doi:10.1177/0145445504272603
 M. Chazan, “Understanding Community Mobilization around HIV/AIDS in South Africa: A Preliminary Scoping Study: Health Economics & HIV/AIDS Research Division (HEARD),” University of Natal, 2006. http://www.heard.org.za/downloads/chazan-community-mobilisation-full-report-working-paper-sep-2006.pdf
 E. Shacham, M. Reece, W. Ong’or, O. Omollo, P. O. Monahan, et al., “Characteristics of Psychosocial Support Seeking during HIV-Related Treatment in Western Kenya,” AIDS Patient Care & STDs, Vol. 2, No. 7, 2008, pp. 595-601. doi:10.1089/apc.2007.0213
 J. P. Mundell, M. J. Visser, J. D. Makin, T. S. Kershaw, B. W. C. Forsyth, et al., “The Impact of Structured Support Groups for Pregnant South African Women Recently Diagnosed HIV Positive,” Women & Health, Vol. 51, No. 6, 2011, pp. 546-565. doi:10.1080/03630242.2011.606356
 P. Liamputtong, N. Haritavorn and N. Kiatying-Angsulee, “HIV and AIDS, Stigma and AIDS Support Groups: Perspectives from Women Living with HIV and AIDS in Central Thailand,” Social Science & Medicine, Vol. 69, No. 6, 2009, pp. 862-868. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.05.040
 S. Madiba and V. Canti-Sigaqa, “Barriers to Participate in Support Groups for People Living with HIV: A Qualitative Study with Men Receiving Antiretroviral Treatment in a HIV Clinic in Mthatha, South Africa,” Global Journal of Health Science, Vol. 4, No. 6, 2012, pp. 119-127. doi:10.5539/gjhs.v4n6p119
 K. Morrow, T. Costello and T. Boland, “Understanding the Psychosocial Needs of HIV-Positive Women: A Qualitative Study,” Psychosomatics, Vol. 42, No. 6, 2001, pp. 497-503. doi:10.1176/appi.psy.42.6.497
 A. Heyer, H. Mabuza, I. C. Couper and G. A. Ogunbanjo, “Understanding Participation in a Hospital-Based HIV Support Group in Limpopo Province, South Africa,” South African Family Practice, Vol. 52, No. 3, 2010, pp. 234-239.
 L. Gilbert and L. Walker, “My Biggest Fear Was That People Would Reject Me Once They Knew My Status...: Stigma as Experienced by Patients in an HIV/AIDS Clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa,” Health & Social Care in the Community, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2010, pp. 139-146. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2524.2009.00881.x
 S. C. Walch, L. M. Roetzer and T. A. Minnett, “Support Group Participation among Persons with HIV: Demographic Characteristics and Perceived Barriers,” AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, Vol.18, No. 4, 2006, pp. 284-289.
 C. A. Emlet, “An Examination of the Social Networks and Social Isolation in Older and Younger Adults Living with HIV/AIDS,” Health and Social Work, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2006, pp. 299-308. doi:10.1093/hsw/31.4.299
 S. C. Kalichman, M. DiMarco, J. Austin, W. Luke and K. DiFonzo, “Stress, Social Support, and HIV-Status Disclosure to Family and Friends Among HIV-Positive Men and Women,” Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2003, pp. 315-332. doi:10.1023/A:1024252926930